The World Bank has commissioned CIDT and the Nepal Institute for Social and Environmental Research, to carry out a technical assistance project that enhances the understanding of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Social Protection (SP) programs and delivery systems to assess how SP programs could improve risk management, preparedness and better respond to shocks.

The work aims to contribute to the continued evolution of social protection and improved shock response in Nepal through the production of recommendations for improving policies, systems, institutions and programs in social protection to tackle a key development in Nepal.


Nepal social protection projectThe overall objective of the work is the production of a range of reviews and recommendations on possible policy, programmatic and institutional measures to make Social Protection programs in Nepal more adaptive.

Underpinning this overall objective will be a set of analytical activities – a risk profile, reviews of policies, systems, institutions and programs working on social protection and shock response, case studies of earthquake, landslide, fire and flood, the identification of international good practice and consideration of crosscutting issues including institutional structures and the engagement of non-state actors.

Together these profiles and reviews will lead to the production of recommendations to support adaptive social protection (ASP) in the future.


The project will deliver the following:

  • A Risk Profile provides the foundations for subsequent work, giving an understanding of the risks and ensuring that actions proposed and recommendations made are aligned with the realities of hazards and vulnerability.
  • Review of policies, programs and delivery systems in social protection. This review explores the social protection policies, systems and programs in Nepal in order to assess where the most appropriate opportunities are for making social protection more adaptive and flexible. The review will draw on interviews/consultations, existing literature and our case study analysis.
  • Review of policies, institutions and delivery systems for shock response. This review takes into account the major shocks Nepal experiences: drought, earthquake, fire, flood, and landslide. It assesses how far the different business processes of humanitarian response and Disaster Risk Management align and intersect. The review will draw on interviews/consultations; existing literature (policy documents, evaluations, research); and our case study analysis.
  • Case Studies have been developed for Drought, Earthquake, Fire, Flood and Landslide illustrating the assessment of policies, institutions and delivery systems for shock response. Each case study includes a description of the shock, the impact and an assessment of the response.
  • A review of International Good Practice will consider experiences linking social protection and shock response/disaster risk management across the three dimensions: types of approaches to adaptive social protection; types of social protection; types of contexts for social protection delivery.
  • The final output will provide recommendations about how to link social protection and to ensure that in the future, there is stronger mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and recovery from shocks in Nepal.
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