• Two logging companies suspended in Cameroon after denunciation for illegal logging by the SNOIE system

    21 November 2019
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    The logging companies ‘Société Bois Africains du Cameroun (SBAC)’ and ‘Société Forestière de Bouraka (SFB)’ have been suspended from logging activities since 7 November 2019 by the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF), Cameroon. These two companies hold the following respective forest concessions: UFA 10050 located around villages Massea, Nkoulkoua and Londjap, in the District of Somalomo, Department of Upper Nyong, Eastern Region-Cameroon; and the UFA 08006 , located in Yoko, in the Mbam and Kim Department, Central Region. According to Decision [1] 1367/D/MINFOF/CAB of 7 November 2019 suspending exploitation activities of a state forest, the SBAC was found guilty of exploitation beyond the limits of the forest concession and non-compliance with technical operating standards. Decision 1289/D/MINFOF/CAB of 31 October 2019 suspending the activities in a forest state, the SFB was convicted for exploitation beyond the limits of the base delimited cut (AAC 3-2).

    By suspending these two companies MINFOF backs up the facts noted in denunciation reports produced by the ‘FForêts et Développement Rural (FODER)’ [ 2] and ‘Ecosystème et Développement (ECODEV)’. The whistleblowing reports produced under the procedures of the ‘Standard Independent External Observation System (SNOIE)’, were sent to MINFOF in July 2019 (case of the SBAC [3]) and August 2019 (case of the SFB [4]). In the SBAC report [5], FODER had identified, during its monitoring mission conducted from 15 to 18 May 2019, evidence that incriminated this unauthorised logging company in forests of national domain to the neighbourhoods of Nkoulkoua and Londjap villages with non-respect of logging technical standards. As for the SFB, based on the facts documented during its mission from 24 to 28 April 2019, ECODEV highlighted that the company was carrying out unauthorised logging activities in a forest of the national domain. FODER’s monitoring mission was triggered after the decryption of 38 alerts collected and forwarded by a community member on the Forestlink platform [6].

    These denunciations undoubtedly led to MINFOF’s subsequent control missions, which enabled the forestry administration to suspend the two companies and open litigation against them. However, it should be noted that the suspension of the SBAC and the SFB is “conservatory” and “it will not be lifted until after the final settlement of the open dispute”, specifies MINFOF. Nevertheless, it should be noted that in addition to stopping illegal logging activities, the two suspended companies will also see their forest products gained from exploitation seized. According to FODER’s reports, the species most exploited by the SBAC in the context of these illegal logging activities are among others: Kossipo (Entandrophragma candollei), Anigra (Aningeria altissima), Ayous (Triplochyton scleroxylon), Padouk, Ekop beli, Okan (Cylicodiscus gabonensis), Fraqué, Movingui. For the SFB illegally harvested woods cover 9 different species namely: Ayous (Triplochyton scleroxylon), Iroko (Milicia excelsa), Sapelli (Entandrophragma cylindricum), Tali (Erythropleum ivorense), White Doussie (Afzelia pachyloba), Red Padouk (Pterocarpus soyauxii), Anigre (Aningeria altissima), Ilomba (Pycnanthus angolensis), Lotofa / Nkanang (Sterculia rhinopetala).

    The denunciation missions undertaken by ECODEV and FODER were respectively conducted with the financial support of the projects: “Citizen Voices for Change: Forest Monitoring in the Congo Basin (CV4C Project)” and the Project “Integrating Community Monitoring in real time to sustain livelihoods and forests in West and Central Africa “(Project RTM2).

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    [1] http://oiecameroun.org/images/documents/SUSPENSION_DE_CERTAINES_SOCIETES_ET_AUTRES_PERSONNES_MORALES_21_octobre_2019.pdf

    [2] www.forest4dev.org

    [3] http://www.oiecameroun.org/images/documents/022_RO_SNOIE_FODER_Nkoulkoua-Massea-Londjap_052019_RTM2.pdf

    [4] http://www.oiecameroun.org/images/documents/rapports/Rapport_mission_SNOIE_ECODEV_Kong_et_environs_032019.pdf

    [5] https://www.oiecameroun.org/index.php/8-actualites/118-la-societe-des-bois-africains-du-cameroun-epinglee-pour-exploitation-hors-limite-de-son-ufa-10050

    [6] ForestLink is an innovative system created to enable communities, wherever they are, to record and transmit in real time to relevant stakeholders geo-referenced information on allegedly illegal activities in forests from areas without a telephone network or internet connection. (https://fr.rainforestfoundationuk.org/str).

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  • Summary of independent observation illegal logging case reports in Cameroon – June to August 2019

    18 November 2019
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    From June to August 2019, six missions to verify allegations of illegal logging activities were carried out in the eastern and southern regions in Cameroon. Reports of these missions produced were submitted to the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF). During the missions, alleged violations were identified by Civil Society Organisations, members of the ISO 9001: 2015 Standardised System of Independent External Observation (SNOIE). These include:

    • Unauthorised exploitation in forests of the national domain
    • Unauthorised exploitation in Community Forests (CF) BOUMA BO KPODE of Nomedjoh village and CODEVIR of Nemeyong
    • Non-compliance with the technical standards of exploitation as well as the norms of intervention in forest environment (NIMF), by the company COFA in its UFA 10068, and the forest company SIM in its FMU 10 037 around the village Koungoulou
    • Exploitation without annual certificate of exploitation (CAE) in Community Forests (CF) BOUMA BO KPODE of Nomedjoh village and CODEVIR of Nemeyong
    • Complicity of unauthorized exploitation in a National Domain Forest in Nko’olong Village, Department of the Ocean, Southern Region.

    In order to document these alleged infractions, monitoring missions were carried out using the SNOIE system by organisations such as: the ‘Livestock Support and Preservation Project Biodiversity on the periphery of Protected Areas in Cameroon (PAPEL)’, ‘Forests and Rural Development (FODER)’ and ‘Center for Local Alternative Development (CeDLA)’. The resources needed to carry out the said missions were mobilised in the framework of the CV4C project, implemented with the financial support of the Union and the project “Integrating community monitoring in real time to sustain livelihoods and forests in West and Central Africa” ​​(RTM2).

    During the investigations carried out in the villages, suspected offenders were identified during these three OIE missions:

    • AMOUGOU AMOUGOU Jules [1] assisted by a certain DEGONZ (chief shipyard) in the acts perpetrated in the FDN with presumption of complicity with the community
    • COFA company (around the village Djaposten (District of Dja / Mindourou)
    • The managers of the BOUMA BO KPODE FC of Nomedjoh village and CODEVIR of Nemeyong
    • The SIM in its UFA 10 037 around the village Koungoulou
    • ALOYSIUS BOIS, located at the Mendong Wood Park (Yaoundé),
    • The operator of the name “DECO” operating in the FDNs in the neighborhoods of Nkongkeni with the complicity of the local populations,
    • Various actors from traditional chiefdoms in the villages of Ngwei and Mapoubi (Littoral Region), local administration and individuals from village communities for complicity.

    The species exploited during these illegal logging activities include: Bubinga, Tali (Erythrophoeum ivorensis), Okan, Azobe, Kossipo (Entandrophragma candollei), Ayous (Triplochiton scleroxylon), Azobé, Ekopbeli, Bilinga, Sapelli (Entandrophragma cylindricum), Moabi (Baillonnella toxisperma), Padouk (Pterocarpus soyauxii).

    Of the five missions to verify allegations of illegal logging activities, two were able to trigger reactions from the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF) that resulted in the completion of forest control missions and the launch of a public auction of illegally cut and seized timber. The foreclosures of the seized species were respectively CFAF 4,280,225 and CFAF 805,075.

    Download the summary of these reports (FRENCH ONLY)

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    [1] Amougou Amougou Jules had already been the subject of a formal notice according to the forest offenses register issued by the MINFOF of March 13, 2018, in the case of another denunciation for unauthorised exploitation in the national domain forest in Bissiang, district of Loukoudje, Department of Ocean in the South region. The denunciation was made in January 2017 by CeDLA (https://oiecameroun.org/index.php/sommier-des-infractions).

    1. PVCI reference / seized report: 008 / PVCI / MINFOF / DRSU / NLS
    2. Notice of formal notice 2438 / L / MINFOF / CAB / BNC / C4 of 21 June 2017
    3. PVCI Reference: 02 / PVCI / MINFOF / DRS / DDOC / of 08 February 2016
    4. Letter of formal notice 4420 / L / MINFOF / CAB / BNC / C4 of 17 November 2016 “

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  • Exploitation in Cameroon beyond the limits in a sale of cut attributed to Bifa’a village

    6 August 2019
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    Illegal logging activities have been allegedly observed in Cup Sale (VC) 0903451, located in Bifa’a Village and surrounding area of ​​Niété District, Ocean Department, Southern Region. The illegality of this activity was documented by the Local Center for Alternative Development (CeDLA) during an external independent observation mission (OIE), conducted according to the procedures of SNOIE system, ISO 9001: 2015 certified. During this mission, the monitors were able to identify that the alleged perpetrator of this illegal logging would be the firm Société Africaine des Bois de l’Est (SABE). This, in addition to exploiting the limits of Cup Sale, cuts wood without respecting the technical standards of logging.

    The mission report was submitted to the Regional Delegate of Forests and Wildlife of the South with extension to the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife. During the mission, many indications of illegalities were collected. These infractions occurred in the forest of the national domain (FDN) beyond VC 0903451, the absence of the marks on certain logs and the non-marking of the strains.

    These allegedly illegal logging activities of SABE, were perpetrated in violation of Article 46 (1)[1] of Forest Law No. 94/01 of 20 January 1994 on the Forest, Wildlife and Wildlife Regime, punished by the provisions of Article 158[2] of the same Law. Also in violation of article 128 paragraph 6 of the law _81 / 013 of 27 November 1981 and the provisions of articles 97 (1) (a) (b) 3 and 98 (1)[3] of the law N 0 2016/007 of 12 July 2016 on the Penal Code.

    CeDLA’s OIE mission was carried out with the financial support of the CV4C project.

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    [1] Article 46 (1): The exploitation agreement confers on the beneficiary the right to obtain a given volume of timber from a forest concession to supply its timber processing industry (s) in the long term. The operating agreement is accompanied by a set of specifications and defines the rights and obligations of the State and the beneficiary.

    [2] Article 158: Is punishable by a fine of 3,000,000 to 10,000,000 CFA francs and imprisonment of one (1) year to three (3) years or only one of these penalties. author of one of the following offenses (…). Unauthorized logging in a state or communal forest, in violation of Articles 45 (1) and 46 (2). Exploitation beyond the limits of the forest concession and / or the volume and the period granted, in violation of Articles 47 (4) and 45 above, without prejudice to damages and interest on timber harvested, such as provided for in Article 159 below.

    [3] Article 98: ‘Co-perpetrators and accomplices are liable to the same penalty as the principal perpetrator, except where the law provides otherwise.’

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  • Fraudulent activity in the districts of Messok and Lomié, Cameroun

    6 August 2019
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    Unauthorized exploitation activities in the national domain forest, fraudulent exploitation in a valid title and exploitation in the districts of Messok and Lomié, were observed following an external independent monitoring mission of the ‘SNOIE’ system, certified ISO 9001: 2015. The mission took place in the villages Bareko, Mpan Kobera and Mpan Diteb. The mission was carried out by the Livestock Support and Biodiversity Preservation Project on the periphery of Protected Areas in Cameroon (PAPEL). The alleged perpetrator of these activities of illegal logging, is the company called ‘Nation Wood’, not approved to the profession of forestry operator by MINFOF and owned by Hugues (resident in Abong-Mbang). In addition, with the complicity of the populations of Bareko villages, Mpan Kobera and Mpan Diteb, the company also reportedly committed unauthorised exploitation in the community forests of these villages. These are community forests N ° 10 02 143 attributed to GIC CADIBA of BAREKO and N ° 10 02 257 / GIC RECODEM of MPAN DITIEB).

    Within the limits of these community forests, several indications of illegalities were observed. Among them, unmarked Sapelli and Sipo strains, remains of sawing/sawmill waste in close proximity to strains. In the forest of the national estate/former Sale of Cup No. 10 02 214, PAPEL monitors found unmarked strains of Moabi, Dousié, Dibetou, Ayous, 1014 pieces of lumber corresponding to a volume of 74.97m3. And, within the limits of title 1492/Forêt Communale Lomié, six unmarked strains were noted including three Sapelli strains, two Sipo strains and one Iroko strain. and a forest trail whose starting point is observable on the Messok-Bareko axis, running deep into the Lomié communal forest (8 km).

    All these illegal logging activities were carried out in violation of the provisions of Articles 30 paragraph (3), 54, 53 (1) and 158 paragraph 28 of the Forest Law of 20 January 1994. The report of denunciation was submitted to the Regional Delegation of Southern Forests and Wildlife, with a copy to the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife. A MINFOF monitoring mission to verify the facts reported was recommended. The alleged offenders are liable to fines ranging from FCFA 200,000 to FCFA 10 million and imprisonment from 1-3 years if the cases are proven as a result of a possible control mission. The PAPEL OIE mission was carried out with the financial support of the CV4C Project.

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  • Unauthorized logging in the Ebolowa I, Ebolowa II and Akom II communal forest

    4 June 2019
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    Unauthorised logging in a state forest in Ebemvok, a small village not far from Akom2 city, was observed during an independent monitoring (IM) mission carried out by the local ‘Centre local pour le Développement Alternatif (CeDLA)’. The state forest where the activity is taking place is the Ebolowa I, Ebolowa II and Akom II communal forest and it is being undertaken with Bubinga, which is a gas whose operation requires prior obtaining of a Non-Detriment Finding (NDF).

    The IM mission was carried out according to the procedures of the SNOIE system [1], certified ISO 9001-2015. The denunciation report was submitted to the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF) and to the Southern Regional Delegation of MINFOF, on 23 April 2019. In the report CeDLA notes that in the Ebolowa I, Ebolowa II and Akom II communal forest which is not yet in operation, a Bubinga exploitation site has been opened. During the mission, one unlabeled Bubinga strain, 2 jets and 3 Bubinga logs bearing seizures of forest administration were found on the farm site. In addition to Bubinga, marbles and seizure marks and unmarked strains of other species such as Dabema (including 4 marbles and 6 strains), Ebony (including a marble) were observed. The CeDLA team also found that the trees felled in the forest did not carry any mark before being seized, which clearly demonstrates that the perpetrator did not want to be identified in any way. Much more does not comply with forestry intervention standards (NIMF), such as non-marking of logs / logs non-marking of strains.

    Concerning the alleged perpetrator, the investigations made it possible to identify an individual called “LAVENIR”. If he is found guilty by the forest administration, the punishment may be a fine of 3,000,000 to 10,000,000 CFA francs and/or imprisonment of 1-3 years, according to article 158 paragraph 1 of the law 94/01 of January 20, 1994 governing the regime of forests of fauna and fishing. However, it should be noted that information collected in the field, it is clear that this illegal activity was introduced on the ground by the Mayor of Akom II with the facilitation of some notable parties, in violation of Article 79 [2] of the Decree No. 95/531 / PM of 23 August 1995 laying down the terms of application of the forest regime and Article 3 (1) (2) and (3) [3] of Decree No. 2015/0994 of 29 April 2015 incorporating into the private domain Ebolowa I, Ebolowa II and Akom II a forest area of ​​33,368 hectares, called the “Ebolowa I, Ebolowa II and Akom II communal forest”. These acts could be described as complicit in unauthorised logging in a state forest, punishable under Article 97 (1.a and b) [4] of Law No. 2016/007 of 12 July 2016 on the Penal Code. This mission was carried out with the financial support of the CV4C project.

    Download the mission report.

    Article initially published by FODER.

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    [1] The Standardised Independent Observation System Extene (SNOIE) is an ISO 9001: 2015 certified independent monitoring approach since April 2018 and implemented by the organisations FODER, PAPEL, CEDLA, Ecodev and TI-C.

    [2] Section 79 (1) “pursuant to section 52 of the Act, the operation of a communal forest is implemented, on the basis of its management plan and under the supervision of the administration responsible forests, by management or by sale of cut, or by license of exploitation, or by personal authorisation of cut.

    [3] Article 3: (1) Income from the exploitation of this forest is public denial and is managed in accordance with the laws and regulations in force. (2) These revenues are intended exclusively for the financing of socio-economic development projects of the municipalities concerned. (3) The operation of the Ebolowa l, Ebolowa ll and Akom ll Communal Forest shall be carried out in accordance with the terms and conditions laid down in the related specifications and the joint decree of the ministries in charge of local and regional authorities, finances and forests setting the management of forest and wildlife resources for the neighboring municipalities and village communities.

    [4] Article 97 (1a and b) “is an accomplice to an offense which is a crime or offense; (a) he who provokes, in any way whatsoever, the commission of the offense or gives instructions for committing it, b ) a person who aids or facilitates the preparation or consumption of the offense (…) “.

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  • Unauthorised logging observed in community forest and national forest near Kong and Mbasongo villages

    4 June 2019
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    An Independent Monitoring (IM) mission conducted in the vicinity of Kong and Mbasongo villages (Ngambé-Tikar District, Mbam Department and Kim Central Region) identified unauthorised logging activity in the national forest and community forest of the Kong Farmers Group (GAK). The mission report produced by the ‘Ecosystem and Development Organization (ECODEV)’, through the procedures of the SNOIE system, was submitted on 23rd April 2019 to the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife, to the Regional Delegation of MINFOF Center and to CONAC.

    The team of observers was able to identify marks (VC 08 04 402) of the ZENITH company on some logs and in light of these marks, there is every reason to believe that this company would be responsible for the fraudulent forestry activities, even though it does not have a title in this locality. However, it should be noted that following interviews with community members, and staff of the Departmental Forestry Delegation (DDFOF) of Mbam and Kim, the Industrial Company of Mbang (SIM) may be responsible for activity in the area. However, documentary research does not show any valid title in this area. Moreover, the SIM company, which is still active in the locality, is reported to be cutting in the forest galleries in the vicinity of these villages.

    Concerning species cut during unauthorised logging, the IM team identified 15 different species namely: Ayous, Iroko, Ngollon/Bassam mahogany, Sapelli, Bossé, Tali, Bété, Lotofa, Kossipo, Bilinga. On the farm site, unmarked stumps, logs and crowns, abandoned logs in the park and in the forest were also identified, plus the felling of logs within 30m of a watercourse. These practices are in violation of logging technical standards, in particular articles 29 [1] and 61.

    La mission d’OIE effectuée par ECODEV pour dénoncer cette exploitation illégale au environ des villages Kong et Mbasongoa été réalisée avec l’appui financier du projet « Voix des Citoyens pour le Changement : Observation forestière dans le bassin du Congo» (projet CV4C), mis en œuvre au Cameroun par Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER) et d’autres partenaires.  Le rapport d’OIE soumis déjà à l’administration en charge des forêts est une interpellation  pour commettre une mission de contrôle forestier dans la localité, afin de constater la véracité des faits rapportés, et aussi de contrôler le chantier d’exploitation forestière frauduleuse en cours dans la FDN, aux environs des villages Kong et Mbasongo. L’auteur cette exploitation non autorisée dans la FDN s’expose au paiement d’une amende de 200 000 à 1 000 000 francs CFA et d’un emprisonnement d’un (1) mois à six (6) mois ou de l’une seulement de ces peines, selon l’Article 156 la loi n° 94/01 du 20 Janvier 1994 portant régime des forêts, de la faune et de la pêche et réprimée.

    The mission carried out by ECODEV to denounce this illegal logging in the Kong and Mbasongoa villages was carried out with the financial support of the project CV4C project, implemented in Cameroon by FODER and other partners. The report has already been submitted to the administration in charge of forests and is an interpellation to commit to a mission of forest control in the region, in order to ascertain the veracity of the reported facts, and also to control ongoing unauthorised logging in this area around these villages. The party responsible for this unauthorised activity is liable to a fine of 200,000 to 1,000,000 CFA francs and/or imprisonment of 1-6 months, according to Article 156 Law No. 94/01 of January 20, 1994 governing the regime of forests, wildlife and fishing.

    Download the mission report (FRENCH ONLY)

    Article installé published by FODER.

    [1] Standards for Intervention in the Forest Environment Chapter 1, paragraph 3.17: “A particular ecological zone: an area to be protected by special measures because its destruction has significant ecological consequences. Included in this definition: – riparian forests or riparian ecotones in the Sudano-Sahelian zone.

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  • Report published on 5th OIM mission in CAR

    24 May 2019
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    In order to combat illegal logging and the associated timber trade, the Central African Republic has been engaged since 2009 in the negotiation of the VPA with the European Union.

    Independent monitoring of forest activities is an instrument through which CSOs can contribute to strengthening the governance of the system in the implementation of the Agreement.

    The civil society, represented by the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and the Environment (GDRNE) platform, developed a strategy document for Independent Observation in 2012 with the technical and financial support of the project OI-RCA, alongside an action plan whose key activity was the training of independent monitors.

    In 2016 the Platform, alongside the NGO CIEDD, launched the implementation of these activities through the project OI-RCA2. This led to the signing on 22 March 2017 of a first memorandum of understanding for the implementation of mandated independent monitoring and the formation of a multi-stakeholder committee for reading and validation. Three field missions were completed (May 2017, October 2017 and December 2017).

    Continuing this good work, the CV4C project has supported a further mission (May 2018) whose reports are all published.

    We are pleased to now report on the fifth monitoring mission, which was carried out from 20 September to 4 October 2018, in the prefecture of Sangha Mabaéré, sub-prefecture of Nola, in the Exploitation and Development Permits (PEA) n° 191 of the Rougier Sangha Company. Mbaéré (RSM) and No. 189 of the ‘Société de Transformation de Bois in Central African Republic (STBCA)’ under mission order No. 199 / MEFCP / DIRCAP / STP issued by the Ministry in charge of Forests.

    The Reading and Validation Committee met on 29 January 2019 and approved this fifth mission report produced by the independent observers as part of the implementation of the CV4C project.

    We have the honor to circulate here this report in accordance with the provisions of the Memorandum of Understanding in Article 15.

    Download the mission report (French only)

     

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  • CV4C team in Gabon undertake first mission to monitor allegations of illegal logging

    2 April 2019
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    Following accusations made by a community forest monitor of illegal logging in CFAD Hua Jia at La Remboué, specifically in Roungoula, Bangando and Padouk villages, an external independent monitoring mission was carried out by the NGO Brainforest from 17-23 January 2019, with the overall objective of verifying the compliance of activities with current legislation.

    The actions carried out during this mission, in particular documentary analyses and site visits, made it possible to identify issues concerning timber recovery procedures and the traceability of the exploited timber in these areas designated for agriculture, as well as with contracts between farmers and loggers.

    This activity has taken place with the support of the CV4C project.

    Download the mission report (French only)

    This article initially published by CV4C project partner Brainforest.

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  • Exploitation in the Abong Mbang Communal Forest

    26 March 2019
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    In a recent report of an external independent forest monitoring mission (IM) conducted by PAPEL (Livestock Support and Conservation of Biodiversity in Protected Areas in Cameroon), logging activities presumed unlawful were identified in the Abong-Mbang communal forest, which has a total area of ​​33,941 ha (administrative area) [1]. This mission was triggered by alerts from a community in the area using a community warning system. It has been demonstrated that logging is taking place beyond the limits of the Abong-Mbang communal forest. PAPEL monitors have discovered that exploitation within the forest limits does not respect technical norms. The mission was carried out according to the procedures of the ‘Standardised System of Independent External Observation (SNOIE [2])’, which has received financial support from the CV4C project.

    Concerning the alleged illegalities relating to exploitation beyond forest limits, PAPEL monitors observed 15 identified strains of various species including the Ayous, Tiama, Iantandza, Movingui and Nkanang / Lotofa) among which one bears the same marks observed within the limits of the Abong-Mbang communal forest (i.e. “title 1405”) , and five beyond its limits. Five unsplit logs of the aforementioned species with a total volume of about 80,757 m3 after their strains were found, at the time of the mission, beyond the limits of the communal forest. In addition, by browsing the title of the communal forest, a lack of openness and materialisation of the outer limits was observed between the title 1405 and the forest of the national domain, a fact that is contrary to the technical standards of intervention in a forest environment.

    The mission was triggered following a community alert issued via the forestLink platform [3], which enables the denunciation of suspected illegal logging in real time. This alert was triggered during the initial exploratory mission of the project “Monitoring Integrate Real-Time Community Monitoring to Sustain Livelihoods and Forests in Central and West Africa” ​​(RTM2 Project). PAPEL’s mission report was sent to the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF). The report recommends that MINFOF carry out a control mission in the Abong-Mbang communal forest and take the necessary measures in accordance with the forestry regulations in force. It should be noted that logging beyond the limits of the communal forest and of non-respect of the technical norms of intervention in forest environment, were committed in violation of article 46 (1) 3 Forestry Law No. 94/01 of January 20, 1994, which regulates forests, wildlife and fisheries. They are suppressed by the provisions of sections 158 (4) and 65 (5) of the same Act. The penalties provided for are: a fine of 3,000,000 to 10,000,000 CFA and imprisonment of one (1) year to three (3) years or only one of these penalties.


    1. Forest Atlas 2018. In the same Atlas, the Geographic Information System area of ​​the Abong Mbang Communal Forest is 34,175 ha.
    2. The Standard Independent External Observation System (SNOIE) is an ISO 9001: 2015 certified independent observation approach since April 2018 and implemented by the FODER, PAPEL, CEDLA and TI-C organizations.
    3. ForestLink is an innovative system created to enable communities, wherever they are in the world, to record and transmit in real time to authorities and other relevant sectors geo-referenced reports on illegal activities in forests even from areas without a telephone network or internet connection. (https://fr.rainforestfoundationuk.org/str)
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  • Mission: CAGDF undertake forest mission in Cuvette-ouest

    14 September 2018
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    From 20th to 27th of August 2018, a team from the Forest Independent Observer (OI) fulfilled an independent assignment in the Region of Cuvette-ouest. The OI Team with a member of DDEF-Co covered the Development Forestry Unit (UFA) of Tsama-Mbama, allotted to Entreprise CHRISTELLE.

    The mission assessed the enforcement of the forestry laws by the Regional Office of Cuvette- ouest (DDEF-Co) and Entreprise Christelle. It stretched over from January 2017 to July 2018. The mission checked on top of collecting the documentation related to Forestry Management the limits of the 2018 additional felling and the marking of saw logs, stumps and abutments on sites, within the working ground of the said company.

    The mission was supported by the CV4C project.

    Click here to download the full report (French only).

    Executive Summary

    As regards the enforcement of the law by DDEF-Co, the mission made the following remarks:

    • Granting of the 2018 felling license to Congo Deija Wood Industry on the basis of an incomplete cutting-down request documentation ;
    • Granting in 2018 to Entreprise Christelle (EC) of a felling licence with a bole volume higher than conventional forecast ;
    • Granting of the 2017 additional felling to Congo Déjia Wood Industry on the basis of unconventional counting ;
    • Lack of working site inspection assignment in 2017 and in the first two quarters in 2018 ;
    • Failure to penalize Entreprise Christelle and Congo Deija Wood Industry for the breaches of law reported by DDEF-Co during its missions ;
    • Application of the article 162 of the Forestry Code in place of the article 158.

    As far as the observance of the forestry law by Entreprise CHRISTELLE is concerned the assignment noticed the following facts:

    • Absence of the exploitation map, the registers of the timber admitted in the factory and its production ;
    • Low keeping of working sites documentation;
    • Fraudulent felling of 8,550 plants (4,282 plants of Angueuk which species is not requested by the company; 3,248 plants cut down without any licence and 1,020 plants fell in addition to the quota permitted for all kinds of species) ;
    • Non-submission within the allotted deadlines of the information related to the company;
    • Failure to mark abutments, saw logs and stumps ;
    • Application of fraudulent practices so as to avoid the payment of the felling tax ;
    • Non-performance of conventional provisions.

    The Independent Observatory recommends that:

    • The Forestry Authorities:
      • By the Office of Forestry Fund put at the disposal of DDEF-Co the financial resources it is entitled to in order to perform the responsibilities it is has to
      • By the Head Office of the Forestry Economy assesses the fulfillment of conventional provisions signed with Congo Deija Wood Industrie and Entreprise Christelle and should the need arise enforces the provisions of the article 156 ofthe Forestry
    • DDEF-Co:
      • Complies strictly with the licensing granting procedures provided by the forestry laws ;
      • Penalizes without exception the forestry companies for the breaches of laws dully reported;
      • Applies the lawful provisions used for the punishment of the regarded breaches of laws ;
      • Checks the facts reported above and if need be initiates contentious proceedings against Entreprise
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