The certified Standardized External Independent Monitoring system (SNOIE) could be replicated anywhere in the world
Rodrigue NGONZO, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER), explains the process that led to the development and certification of the SNOIE and what the scope of this certification for IM activities in the forestry sector in Cameroon and the Congo Basin are.
Why and how did you think of developing the Standardized External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE) in accordance with the requirements of ISO 9001 standards?
We thought of setting up a standardized external independent monitoring system (SNOIE) at the beginning of 2014, after observing the difficulties encountered by the civil society and the communities in carrying out independent monitoring (IM). This IM in particular, had very little credibility and was strongly opposed by the relevant authorities, particularly the administration, the Ministry of Forests, and also by private sector companies who complained, among other things, that they did not understand how IM is done by civil society.
All these forest sector actors felt that they did not know the procedures that civil society independent monitors follow in their activities. They also complained that they did not understand the objectives of this IM and doubted the neutrality of organisations responsible for IM. It was therefore important to reassure the administration of the good faith of IM and the private sector as far as their neutrality and independence are concerned. Since the quality of denunciations resulting from IM was called to question, we therefore decided to scrutinise all the existing standards so as to guarantee the quality and credibility of work carried out by IM.By scrutinising, we realised that there are norms and standards for certification, but none for IM. By going through all the standards and norms, we found the ISO 9001: 2008 standard that was in effect at the time as the one to which IM could be more logically aligned to. This is because the ISO 9001: 2008 standard is a general quality standard that applies to all processes including companies and various systems without precision or particularity, but could be adapted to match its requirements.By following ISO 9001 requirements, which is the international standard for quality management, monitoring was re-organised. This involved listening, identifying and mapping processes, documenting as well as monitoring process. All this work has been done with forest sector stakeholders and donors including the FAO and the European Union (EU). We have come a long way from certification to system design, leading to validation and deployment.
The SNOIE is today certified to the ISO 9001:2015, what are the opportunities offered by this certification for external independent monitoring in the Congo Basin in particular and the world forest sector in general?
The extensive road to the development and implementation of the standardized external independent monitoring system (SNOIE), in April 2018, led to the award of a certificate of conformity to the requirements of the ISO 9001: 2015 standard. In addition, since 2017, the SNOIE has been upgraded to the requirements of the new standard version of 2015. And in April 2018, after an external audit process, pre-certification audit, certification audit and auditors training, the system was submitted to the International Certification Committee which validated the system’s compliance with the requirements of the quality standard.
Some benefits provided by the certification are: assurance of credibility on the results delivered by the standardized external independent monitoring system; internal quality control of the works and processes that are implemented; performance on the independent monitoring procedures; and also an assurance for a period of three years that the system will be monitored both from within and outside by qualified auditors: internal auditors who have been trained and certified for this, as well as external auditors approved or accredited by certification bodies to verify annually that the system continues to meet the requirements of the standard.
The certificate awarded to SNOIE is not limited to any particular type of IM. This certificate covers all independent monitoring processes of the management of natural resources and the environment. This means that any organisation other than FODER and organisations currently associated with the standardized system may benefit from this certificate by aligning their independent monitoring practices to the requirements of the SNOIE which are no more than the quality management requirements of the ISO 9001: 2015.This certificate does not have a specific geographical area, meaning it is open to other countries because it does not certify a particular organisation or origin, it certifies a set of processes, system that can be replicated everywhere, and that can be developed anywhere in the world and applied to the management of natural resources as well as beyond other processes. I would like to express my appreciation to the funders for their support to FODER during the two long years of development of the SNOIE; thank you for the technical and financial support towards the implementation of this system that still goes on today.
What are the prospects now that the SNOIE is certified?
We wish to extend this standardized IM approach by expanding its scope not only to other sectors as it is already the case in the mining sector, but also broadening it geographically, by covering all forest regions of Cameroon and extending to other countries experiencing budgetary constraints to design and implement a standardized IM system.Of great advantage today is that the SNOIE has already been designed and developed, the certificate has been obtained, and it is much easier to deploy and replicate in another country and in another context using the same procedures, applying the same processes as well as using the same unique certificate. It is therefore, a big advantage in terms of cost efficiency and development of setting up such a system in another country. A great benefit in terms of implementation time, which is two years, could be reduced to a year or less than six months in developing resources and skills.
Interviewed by Christelle KOUETCHA
The Ministry of Forests and Wildlife fines the company Oye et Compagnie following a SNOIE denunciation report for illegal logging
The forestry company Oye et Compagnie will have to pay a fine of 7.5 million FCFA to the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF) for being found guilty of illegal logging. This penalty imposed by the administration in charge of forests and released in the summary of offenses of March 2018, was taken following a denunciation report produced by the organisation PAPEL (Support Programme for Livestock Production and Conservation of Biodiversity in Protected Areas), via the Standardized external independent monitoring system (SNOIE¹) procedures, and referred to the administration in December 2016.
According to the summary of offenses, Oye et Compagnie was found guilty of “Exploitation beyond the limits of VC 1002219” and “Unauthorised Logging in the Community Forest”. The forest company owned by Mr. Theophile Elendi has already paid the ministry an advance of 3 million FCFA.
The denunciation report produced by CSO PAPEL on Oye et Compagnie is available on the EIM Coordination website (http: // oie-cameroun.org). The fact-finding mission to produce this report was conducted from 1stto 5thDecember 2016 in the village of Mboumo and its surroundings located in Messamena sub-division. At the end of the investigations carried out by PAPEL on the site where Oye et Compagnie operated illegal activities, it was observed that the company operated in the Community Forest of Messamena which did not have a valid Annual Certificate for Exploitation (ACE). An exploitation activity contrary to the provisions of the Forest Law of 1994 in its article 54 which states that: “The exploitation of a community forest is done (…) in regulation, by license, in accordance with the management plan approved by the administration in charge of forests “and punishable under Article 156 (3) of the same Law according to which” unauthorised logging in a national or community forest domain, in violation of Articles 52, 53 and 54, without prejudice to damages on the timber harvested as provided for in Article 159 “.
In its report, PAPEL also drew the attention of the administration on facts relating to the laundering of illicit timber in the CF that would have been evacuated along with secured documents of the valid titles of the VC allocated to Oye et Compagnie. It is therefore following this denunciation that, the Regional Control Brigade in the East region conducted a control mission. This control mission to the village of Mboumo thus enabled MINFOF to establish the illegality identified in the IM report produced by the NGO PAPEL.
It should be noted that this is not the first time that Oye et Compagnie has been sanctioned by the administration in charge of forests. Indeed, in a correspondence addressed to the SNOIE Coordination in 2017, the Ministry of Forests had notified the Coordination of the opening of a dispute against this company. This time she was found guilty of unauthorised logging in a national forest in the village of Oboul 1 as well as a communal forest.
In addition to this litigation open against Oye et Compagnie, a formal notice had been sent to the managers of the communal forest of Messamena Mindourou, to initiate corrective measures particularly the effective shut-down of illegal logging and implementation of the management plan. This subsequent response of the MINFOF following one of the denunciation report produced via the SNOIE procedures, brings to about 79% the response rate obtained from the administration following denunciations, which is 12 responses out of 14 IM reports forwarded to the ministry between the end of 2016 and the end of 2017.
- The Standardized External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE) is an Independent monitoring approach certified ISO 9001: 2015 since 2018 and implemented by FODER, PAPEL, CEDLA and TI-C.
The Ministry of Forests and Wildlife recently opened a dispute against the company VERA Forestière who was awarded the sale of standing volume No. 0801238. This open dispute follows a denunciation made by the association Forêts et Développement Rural(FODER), after an external independent monitoring mission conducted according to the procedures of the Standardized External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE).
The denunciation report submitted to MINFOF in April 2018 enabled the administration to set up a control mission in the company’s logging concession. According to the MINFOF newsletter sent to the SNOIE Coordination on 16 May 2018, the company VERA Forestière was guilty of operating outside the limits of its allocated logging concession, and consequently proceeded to illegal logging in the localities of Bidi and Ngoume, sub-division of Gambè – Tikar. During the IM missions conducted by FODER from 11 to 14 April 2018, the team of monitors was able to pick up unmarked logs and an unnamed watercourse obstructed by damages caused by “illegal” logging perpetrated by the company VERA Forestière. These facts constitute evidence of illegal logging.
The litigation opened by the administration against this company reaffirms “facts on illegalities” compiled in the denunciation report. In this report, other illegalities were also observed in the national forest domain (NFD) in the village of Bidi (Sub-division of Ngambè-Tikar). These include:
- Twenty-nine (29) strains of Ayous and one (01) strain of Dibetou bearing no mark of the operator;
- Two (02) red Padouk logs, one (01) of which bears the marks “seizure” of the forest hammer,
- A park containing eight (08) Ayous logs with a volume of 32,4207m3; as well as about twenty spurs of Ayous bearing the marks “seizure” of the forest hammer; and a log of Ayous with the mark “seizure” of the forest hammer;
- Two other parks emptied of their contents presenting some spurs also bearing the marks “seizure” of the forest hammer.
Exploitation outside the limits of the allocated logging concession of which VERA Forestière is guilty are punishable by Law No.94/01 of 20 January 1994 laying down forestry, wildlife and fisheries regulations under Article 157, which stipulates that “It is punishable by a fine of 3,000,000 to 10,000,000 FCFA and an imprisonment of six months to a year, or one of these two penalties, the victim of one of the following offenses: unauthorised exploitation in a national forest domain …“.
The Ministry of Forests and Wildlife informed the SNOIE Coordination of the suspension of several logging titles and the opening of litigations against companies that are perpetrators of facts denounced in the mission report carried out in the national forest domain around the villages of Ina, Wassaba, Oué and Manjah, located in the Central region. The logging companies involved in the denunciation report include Etablissements Mgbatou Pierre(EMP) and Société du Mbam et Kim(SMK). The same correspondence received by the SNOIE Coordination during the month of June 2018 indicates that, following the monitoring mission triggered by the denunciation and carried out by the National Control Brigade (BNC), “the facts denounced are proven”.
The MINFOF announces in its correspondence in addition to litigation that “several logging titles have been suspended” to companies incriminated in denunciation reports of cases of illegality that have been observed in valid titles in the villages of Ina, Wassaba , Oué and Manjan, located in the Central region – Cameroon. Even though the Minister did not specify that the companies EMP and SMK are the ones whose titles have been suspended, there is every reason to believe that they are the culprits because the illegalities of these companies were perpetrated in the villages listed below.
The companies EMP and SMK that were awarded the sale of standing volume (VC) 0804321 and UFA 08003 respectively in the villages, have been highlighted in denunciation reports as being guilty of non-compliance with the norms of exploitation punishable under Article 125 of the Law of 27 November 1981, as well as fraud on a logging document punishable under Article 158 (7) of Law No. 94/01 of 20 January 1994 laying down Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries regulations.
In addition to these offenses, the company EMP was guilty of exploitation by sale of standing volume in national forest domain beyond the limits of its logging concession in violation of articles 52, 53 and 54 of Law N ° 94/01 of 20 January 1994 laying down Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries regulations and punishable by Article 156 of the same law; unauthorised exploitation in the national forest domain by the company SMK in violation of article 53 (1) of Law No. 94/01 and punishable by article 158 (2) of this law. The marks of these two companies found on some logs at the park during the CSO investigation mission of the SNOIE, led to the belief that these two companies were primarily responsible for these fraudulent forestry activities.
Data supporting the facts described in these denunciation reports against EMP and SMK, were collected and processed by three civil society organisations (FODER, PAPEL and CeDLA) under the Standardized External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE) . The necessary resources were mobilised within the framework of “Citizen Voices for Change: Congo Basin Forest Monitoring Project (CV4C)”, implemented with financial assistance of the European Union (EU).
Staff of Cameroonian civil society organisations (CSOs), involved in Independent Monitoring (IM) activities were trained from 6-10 August 2018 to carry out IM activities in compliance with the Standardised External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE), processes and procedures. This workshop was organised as part of the ‘Citizen Voices for Change: Congo Basin Forest Monitoring’ Project (CV4C) implemented thanks to the financial support of the European Union and project partners. At the end of the five-day workshop, participants expressed their appreciation as well as sharing lessons that were learned.
Pascal NLEND, SUHE
“The training we received on the SNOIE system has been very supportive for our locally based organisation, which is directly involved in triggering IM missions. All the documentation and lessons learned during this training will enable our organisation to improve our data collection and processing methods of alleged cases of illegal logging that we find in the national forest domain and in assigned titles.”
Chrétien BELIBI, ECODEV
“I found the training of Civil Society Organisations involved in the SNOIE System organised by FODER to be timely. I learned a lot indeed, especially with regards to ISO 9001 Quality Management System in which SNOIE is endorsed. I have also familiarised myself with various documents required for data collection in the field during an external IM mission and the importance of archiving in IM. This training was also an opportunity to learn about the types of illegal activities that can be observed in the field; the approaches and limitations of external IM activities carried out by civil society, so as not to interfere with the work of judicial police officers and members of the forestry administration. As a result, we have been advised to present illegal activities in the form of allegations, with constant use of the conditional in the fact-analysis approach. We can only congratulate FODER for this initiative, the product of which already allows us to foresee a greater improvement in our field interventions in monitoring illegal logging activities in the Mbam-et-Kim locality which is within our area of intervention.”
Khinjem Awah Epse Tiomwin – FCTV
“The initiative taken by FODER to bring together several CSOs to empower them on the application of SNOIE has to be saluted. About three years back very few CSOs had mastered the use of SNOIE in conducting IM. The implication of CSOs who are in very regular and close contact with forest exploiters and the local communities is going to lead to the building of trust and confidence in their capacity in conducting Independent Forest Monitoring in their respective zones of intervention. My wish is that in future there are more of these trainings so as to give opportunity to CSOs in all the forest sectors in Cameroon to have a taste of this very tasteful cake – SNOIE. I have been delighted by the concern of FODER to ensure that the application of SNOIE is improved over to ensure the improvement in the quality of field activities and the reports produced by OSCs involved in IM. On a general note, I have learned quite a lot in the course of this training. All the modules proposed to participants were very necessary. I have now gained knowledge in the following areas: mastery of the processes, procedures and tools of SNOIE, preparation, organisation and implementation of an IM field trip, a notion of judiciary procedures, filing and retrieval of SNOIE documents, writing an IM report and data collection, processing and digital mapping.”
Diane BALA, ECODEV
“The training of CSOs on SNOIE has been very rewarding. I learned a lot about analysis of legal issues related to an external IM mission, the characterisation of facts as an observer without, however, substituting for a Judicial Police Officer with special competence who is in charge of forest control. This training also allowed me to gain a good understanding of the methods and tools developed by SNOIE, for quality assurance of our IM reports. At the end of this training, and on the basis of the learned SNOIE procedures, SNOIE is a well thought through system, especially as it sets out everyone’s roles and responsibilities. Furthermore, it allows specialisation of individual members, resulting to increased efficiency. In addition, I appreciate the fact that the system is not static, but encourages continuous improvement. This implies that like all human works, it recognises that there may be imperfections that require improvement over time.”
Elias DJOH, Ca.BU.Ro
“The SNOIE training has allowed Ca.Bu.Ro to develop skills and capabilities to carry out an IM mission. This training really came to reinforce our abilities in the amateurism that resulted to many conflicts. Today, we have tools and a rigorous method to make a complaint without the risk of being suspected or heard by anyone. It only remains for us to seek and find the ways to obtain the necessary equipment and means to engage in SNOIE in order to protect the interests of local communities, which is our first key objective.”
Interviewed by Christelle KOUETCHA.
New Cameroonian civil society organisations trained on the Standardised External Independent Monitoring System for a quality assurance in the denunciations of alleged cases of illegal logging.
To ensure the effectiveness of the Standardised External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE), capacity building of new civil society organisations (CSOs) conducting Independent Monitoring (IM) activities is crucial. For this reason, a training workshop for four new civil society organisations (CSOs) willing to conduct IM activities according to SNOIE processes and procedures was organised from 6-10 August 2018. SNOIE being an IM approach developed by the association Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER) in collaboration with civil society organisations, the government and local communities, in order to harmonise the IM approaches of civil society, as well as to give credibility to their denunciation reports of alleged cases of illegal logging. This IM approach, which has been in operation for three years, has been developed according to requirements set out in ISO 9001: 2015 standards.
To train the new CSOs interested in the SNOIE approach, a total of 12 trainers from the following organisations were equipped with the methods and techniques to carry out IM activities following the SNOIE approach – Ecosystems and Development (Ecodev), Earth and Resources for Sustainable Development (SUHE), Capacity Building and Human Rights Organisation (Ca.Bu.Ro. Ro) and Fondation Camerounaise de la Terre Vivante (FCTV). The training workshop was organised with the financial support of ‘Citizen Voices for Change: Congo Basin Forest Monitoring project’ (CV4C), implemented thanks to the financial support of the European Union and project partners. CV4C project aims to strengthen the contribution of non-state actors (NSAs) towards the improvement of forest governance and sustainable forest management (SFM) in 5 Congo Basin countries.
The training enabled participants to better understand the functioning of SNOIE, the techniques and methods of carrying out an external IM mission according to SNOIE, legal analysis following an EIM mission, as well as communication and lobbying in SNOIE. They also gained knowledge of subject-matter and territorial jurisdiction of criminal courts over forest offences and the form of denunciation and mapping.
In order to respect principle 3 of the ISO 9001: 2015 standard on which SNOIE is modelled and which stipulates staff commitment, experience sharing for the success of an IM mission with SNOIE has been made by officials from the Support Programme for Livestock Production and Conservation of Biodiversity in Protected Areas of Cameroon (PAPEL) and the Centre for Alternative Local Development (CeDLA), which for the last 3 years have been using this system to implement IM activities. According to Henri MEVAH, Coordinator of PAPEL and Martin BIYONG, Director of CeDLA, this experience sharing exercise is a contribution of their organisation to the continuous improvement of the system.
These four newly trained CSOs will, at the end of this training, be members of a pool of civil society organisations able to apply the procedures of the Standardized External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE) to strengthen law enforcement of and improve forest governance through reliable, independent and credible information on the legality of forestry operations in their areas of intervention.
Christelle Kouetcha, Head of Communication, Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER).
[1.] The Standardised External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE) is a group of civil society organisations that conduct external independent monitoring activities according to a set of requirements modelled on the ISO 9001: 2008 quality standard. These external independent monitoring activities consist of collecting and processing factual data on potential illegal activities and transmitting them to competent authorities to improve the effectiveness of control operations and guarantee transparent and sustainable management of national heritage resources. www.oie-cameroun.org.
Minutes of the 4th session of the Reading and Validation Committee (RVC) of the Mandated IM Mission Reports
The fourth session of the Reading and Validation Committee (RVC) of the first IM report under CV4C, relating to the mandated independent monitoring mission carried out from 24 May to 02 June 2018 with the management and exploitation permits (PEA) No.164 of the company Thanry Centrafrique (TCA) in Bamba and No. 175 of Société forestière de la Kadéï (SOFOKAD) in Dédé Mokouba, took place on August 7, 2018 in the meeting room of the Ministry of Water, Forests, Hunting and Fishing (MEFCP). The aim was to verify compliance and enforcement of the forest law based on Principles 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 of the FLEGT/VPA legality matrix.
The meeting was attended by:
For the Office of the Prime Minister
- Patrick NAMBEARE, NGOs Adviser, Chair of the Reading and Validation Committee
For the Forest Administration
- YALIBANDA Yves, Director of Cabinet of the Ministry of Water, Forests, Hunting and Fishing;
- Ruben NAMBAÏ, Environmental Officer;
- DOTE Pierre, Representing the South West Region Development Project(PDRSO) ;
- NAKOE Prosper, Director-General of the Centre for Forest Data (CDF) ;
For the Independent Monitors
- Marien YAKITE, Expert IM-FLEGT CV4C, member of the mission ;
- Josias ZENETH, Independent Monitor, member of the mission ;
- Laurent YANGUETA, Project Manager CV4C, member of the mission ;
For the Private Sector
- BEGOTO Grégoire, Representative of Timberland;
For the Civil Society
- Parfait ZOGA, Coordinator of GDRNE platform, member of the RVC ;
- Sékou GARY, Representative of the National Committee for Implementation and Monitoring (CNMOS) platform;
- BIKO Rigobert, member of the RVC;
- Kevine Juvenale ZANRE, member of the RVC;
Following the roll call and having reported that the quorum was reached, the working session began with the introductory words of the Chair of the Reading and Validation Committee Mr. Patrick NAMBEARE, NGOs Adviser to the Prime Minister’s Office. He took the opportunity to remind all members of the RVC about the importance of the mission they have been assigned.
The methodology consisted of a point by point and permit after permit examination of the findings by the IM and making relevant recommendations. For both PEAs, a total of five key facts were reviewed by the RVC and six (6) major recommendations were made. The detailed report will provide the necessary information.
Alleged cases of illegal logging in the Sale of Standing Volume (VC) 070376, not legally allocated according to valid titles published by MINFOF on May 29, 2017, were observed in a recent whistle-blowing report produced by FODER, via the Standardised External Independent Observation System (SNOIE) procedures. Investigations presented in this report reveal that in the VC 070376, which covers the Mbandjock, Dingombi, Ikonde, Mapoubi and Ngwei 2 villages, the ETD company who is beneficiary of VC 0703302 have allegedly carried out logging activities outside the limits of its permit. According to the same report, five (05) logyards with a total volume of wood species estimated at 202.10m3were found in the non-allocated VC.
One of the logyards had an Ekop Beli log bearing the marks of the forestry company Eloungou Toua (ETD). These illegal logging activities fall under Article 158 of the 1994 Cameroon Forestry and Wildlife Law, which “ispunishable with a fine of between 3,000,000 to 10,000,000 FCFA and an imprisonment of between one (1) and three (3) years or only one of these penalties, if the perpetrator falls under any of the following offenses (…) unauthorized logging in a national or communal forest, in violation of articles 45 (1) and 46 (2) above, without prejudice to damages and interest on exploited timber, as provided by article 159 below (…)”.
SNOIE Coordination/Forêts et Développement Rural
Tel : +237 222005248. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org. BP : 11417 Yaoundé-Cameroun
From December 2017 to May 2018, Cameroonian civil society organisations, who are members of the Coordination of the Standardised External Independent Monitoring System (SNOIE), conducted a total of five External Independent Monitoring missions, aimed at reporting alleged cases of illegal logging in the national forest domain, as well as those covered by legally assigned titles.
These missions were carried out in the villages of Doumo-Mama (Messamena sub-division, Upper Nyong division in the East Region); Bidi (Ngambè-Tikar sub-division); Ngoum, Ina, Manja, Wassaba, Oue and their surroundings (NgambéTikar and Yoko sub-divisions, Mbam-et-Kim division in the Centre Region); Mbandjock, Dingombi, Ikonde, Mapoubi and Ngwei2 (Ngwei and Pouma sub-division, Sanaga Maritime division in the Littoral Region of Cameroon); Makoure I and its surroundings (Lokoundje sub-division, Ocean division in the South Region of Cameroon).
The resources required to carry out these missions were raised within the framework of ‘Citizen Voices for Change: Congo Basin Monitoring Project (CV4C)’, implemented with the financial support of the European Union (EU) and other project partners.
During this six-month period, reports were produced by the following organisations: Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER), Support Programme for Livestock Production and Conservation of Biodiversity in Protected Areas of Cameroon (PAPEL) and the Centre for Alternative Local Development (CeDLA). During these investigations, several offenses were reported:
- Non- compliance with logging technical standards, as well as non-compliance with the terms of reference;
- Exploitation beyond limits;
- Non-compliance with logging standards;
- Fraudulent documents outlining logging operations;
- Exploitation by sales of cut in a national forest domain beyond the cut-off limits;
- Unauthorised exploitation in a national forest domain.
Twenty stakeholders from the forest and environment sector met at a workshop that began on 03 July 2018 to assess the level of transparency in this sector. The workshop organised by Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER)as part of the ‘Citizen Voices for Change: Congo Basin Forest Monitoring project (CV4C)’, implemented by a consortium of organisations in the Congo Basin, under the coordination of CIDT with financial support from the European Union and other project partners.
The workshop which ends on 04 July 2018 is intended, among other things, to present preliminary results of the study on forest and environmental transparency, initiated at the end of 2017 and aimed at developing a framework for analysing transparency in the forest and environment sector, as well as to appreciate efforts made in terms of forest and environmental transparency in Cameroon; the current state of transparency in the environment sector in Cameroon with a focus on transparency in the REDD+ process. Participants in this workshop come from the relevant sectoral authorities, civil society, private sector, research as well as technical and financial partners.
During the two days meeting, participants will be updated on the implementation of the FLEGT VPA Annex 7, including challenges and lessons learned as well as learning from experience and transparency in the REDD+ process in Cameroon.