CIDT has completed a substantial and important six-month contract to produce seven studies underpinning a $50m proposal by the Government of Rwanda to an international finance organisation. The studies interconnect across three themes: sustainable forest management, landscape, and watershed management; climate resilient production of tea and coffee; and affordable, low carbon settlements and industries as growth hubs. CIDT led a team of fifty people in the feasibility studies.
The reports highlight that it is feasible to invest in developing five interlinked Low Carbon Climate Resilient (LCCR) value chains: tea, coffee, timber and forest products, agro-fired bricks, improved cook-stoves, charcoal, and house construction.
The studies found it feasible to: increase the resilience of tea and coffee production, land management and settlements to climate change; increase the range and supply of sustainable timber, fuel wood and non-timber forest products from improved management of forest resources and improve watershed management through soil stabilisation and agroforestry. It is also expected that the project will be able to create new woodlots along with improved energy efficiencies for tea processing at a tea factory.
Developed together in an integrated manner, for a particular geographical location, the developed value chains are expected to reduce dependency on imported construction materials with high levels of embodied carbon, increase forestry and agroforestry revenues, improve household energy efficiency and increase availability of and access to affordable, low carbon housing.
Additionally, it will be feasible to improve access to and capacity to use climate information and analysis by policy makers in decision-making and to promote an enabling environment for businesses and investors.
The Government is using these results to support a $50m proposal that demonstrates a model of accelerated growth and development based on the principles of low carbon, climate resilient (LCCR) growth and has been designed to strengthen the foundational capacities required for the ongoing replication of adaptation and mitigation strategies country-wide aligned to national green growth strategy.
The seven feasibility studies were carried out with sub-contractors Paul Watkiss Associates, Light Earth Designs, International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Songa Silvin, Venuste Ntaganda and MDY Legal. The studies were:
- Low carbon climate resilient settlements for rural (internally displaced people) and peri-urban settings
- Climate Resilience of Tea and coffee
- Sustainable Forest Management and Watershed Protection
- Economic and Financial Models
- Gender Study
- Environment and Social Impact Study
- Legal Study
CIDT Deputy Head of Centre and Project Manager Rachel Roland commented on the potential impact of these studies, “Building a funding proposal on the findings of these illuminating feasibility studies will give the Government a great opportunity to build on their world-leading work in climate compatible development. We’ve been glad to be able to contribute at this stage of the process.”
In December 2016, Dr Canford Chiroro, CIDT’s green growth expert, and Shankar Paudel (Rupantaran), delivered four training modules to government workers in Nepal with the aim of embedding green growth awareness throughout the country’s ministries, departments and municiplaities.
Green growth is economic growth that is balanced with environmental sustainability and social inclusivity.
Targeted training content
Following a training needs assessment, CIDT developed four training modules that responded to the identified capacity needs of key government staff. The modules were
- Understanding green growth
- Strategies for Green Growth
- Mainstreaming Green Growth
- Lessons Learned in Green Growth Implementation
These modules were aimed at equipping participants with the conceptual understanding of green growth, as well as develop their practical skills on how to integrate the green growth approach into ongoing projects and sector plans.
The 31 participants (22 male, 9 female) were selected by their colleagues during the training needs assessment. They were identified for their planning and project implementation experience, willingness to share information, enthusiastism in training others and being trusted by colleagues as the ‘go-to’ person. These qualities were important for the training to be scaled up across the targeted ministries, departments, and municipalities.
Participants selection was inclusive, involving multiple government ministries (Federal Affairs and Local Development, Forests and Soil Conservation, and Agriculture Development), departments (Energy Development, Environment, Forests, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management, Urban Development and Building Construction) and local municipalities (Madhyapur and Budanilakantha).
The workshop featured active discussions and tasks around designing for a green economy. At the end participants reflected on the training and developed personal action plans, with commitments ranging from incorporating green growth into ongoing projects, to making small adjustments to lifestyle, like cycling, using LED lights, recycling more, and sharing information.
An online group has been created to support the commitements made, which will also facilitate continued dialogue and collaboration between participants.
Dr Kamal Banskota from the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Nepal commented that the “delivery of the training shows that the facilitators were well-prepared, with great use of participatory approaches.”
The workshop was officially opened by Mr Ram Prasad Lamsal, Joint Secretary for the Ministry of Population and Environment. He spoke about Nepal’s experience of the Paris Agreement as an indication of the country’s commitment and capability to act towards supporting a sustainable future for Nepal. The Ministry of Finance is spearheading green growth in the country and setting up a Steering Committee to support this. He commented:
“We would like to express our sincere gratitude to CIDT facilitators for efforts in making this training effective, and to GGGI for supporting the training. I believe that this training was effective, all the participants are still here at the closing ceremony.”
The event was hosted at the Himalaya Hotel in Kathmandu on the 20th-21st of December 2016.
For further information about this project please contact Dr Canford Chiroro.
Promoting economic growth is a priority for policy makers and a benchmark against which a government is judged. However, overwhelming evidence suggests that economic growth does not always translate to better wellbeing for citizens. In fact, the pursuit of economic growth has often fuelled environmental degradation- which hurts the poor the most as they are more dependent directly on the environment- and excluded them from the progress that others enjoy. Pursuant to the achievement of the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the green growth approach has received international support as a way to reconcile the need for economic growth with environmental sustainability and social inclusivity. Measures that enhance inclusive economic growth and improve the health of the environment are more likely to benefit the poor and build more resilient societies.
The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is partnering with the Government of Nepal to implement the ‘Aligning Green Growth with Structural Transformation’ program. This programme will work across a range of economic sectors in Nepal. The successful delivery of this programme will require sufficient capacity within and beyond the government ministries. Canford Chiroro (CIDT) is working with Shankar Paudel (Rupantaran) to help design and implement a capacity development strategy for green growth in Nepal. The objective of this consultancy is to build awareness of the green growth approach, and support government institutions with tools and techniques to operationalise this approach within their respective sectors. So far, the team has conducted a training needs assessment, and are now working on developing and delivering training for selected staff.
CIDT, funded through CDKN, has supported the production of this working paper:
Becoming a climate-resilient green economy – Planning for climate compatible development in Ethiopia.
This is an important document charting lessons for national planning from Ethiopia’s progress towards its ambitious target of zero net carbon emissions by 2025. The paper documents the vision and support given by the government to bring this target to life and the key drivers and barriers in putting a climate resilient green economy into practice.
CIDT has led a project in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique and Rwanda between 2013 and 2016 to learn lessons from national planning efforts to put climate change policy in the centre of national development plans. This is one key output achieved through the partnership between CDKN Ethiopia, participating stakeholders, and CIDT.
As part of the Lesson Learning from National Climate Compatible Development (CCD) project with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), CIDT has produced a report called Climate Compatible Development: Lessons Learned from Mozambique. It is co-published with the University Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique.
Find out more about this project, including reports and publications regarding climate compatible development in four countries.
As part of the Lesson Learning from National Climate Compatible Development (CDKN) project with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), CIDT has commissioned two further opinion pieces that focus on Ethiopia and Mozambique.
CIDT is running a six month project called ‘Supporting the operations of the FONERWA Fund Management Team’ and through this is assisting the Government of Rwanda delegation and the country’s Green Fund (FONERWA) management team attending the Paris COP21 climate negotiations.
Rwanda Delegation Update – 30 November 2015
The delegation to COP21 was led by Minister Mushikiwabo, Minister Biruta, Ambassador Kabale and DG Mukankomeje. The main activity during the day was hearing world leaders give their official statements to mark the beginning of the climate summit. Throughout the day, the delegation met with a number of other countries as they moved around the venue.
There were a some major announcements yesterday. A few that relate to our work include:
- Germany, Norway, Sweden & Switzerland have announced a new $500 million initiative to cut greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Read More
- $248 USD million pledged to GEF climate fund for most vulnerable countries. Read More
- India unveiled a global solar alliance of 120 countries at the Paris climate summit. Read More
- Climate Vulnerable Forum adopted The Manila-Paris Declaration. Read More
- 20 Major Economies will Double Clean Energy R&D through ‘Mission Innovation’ Read More
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 30 November 2015
- The New Times reports that COP21 Climate change conference has opened with a call to support developing nations.
- Igihe shares Rwanda’s climate success stories that will be presented in Paris.
- Rwanda Express quotes Minister Biruta saying that the world needs to reach a meaningful agreement.
- The New York Times publishes quotes from speakers at Day 1 of COP21.
- BBC News reports that Obama is convinced that Paris conference could be a turning point.
- Watch the speeches of President Obama, Prime Minister Cameron, President Putin and Prime Minister Modi and read the speeches of other leaders.
Paris climate conference opens with pledge to support developing countries (The New Times – 1 December 2015) — The climate change conference opened yesterday in Paris with a pledge for more support to developing countries to address climate change challenges. Rwanda is being represented by a delegation led by the minister of Foreign Affairs, Louise Mushikiwabo, the minister of Natural Resources, Vincent Biruta and the Director General of the Rwanda Environment Management Authority, Dr Rose Mukankomeje. Read More
EALA urges fair climate deal at Paris conference (The New Times – 30 November 2015) — The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) has called on climate negotiators to produce a fair deal for developing nations at the Conference of Parties (CoP21) on climate change in Paris, France, that starts today. EALA Speaker Daniel Kidega made the call on Saturday in Gatsibo District during Umuganda community work. Read More
Africa ikeneye ijwi rimwe mu nama y’i Paris ngo idatsikamirwa mu byemezo (Umuseke – 30 November 2015) — Ibihugu 54 bigize umugabane w’Afurika byari biyitegerezanyije amatsiko ngo bivuge uburyo bikomeje kugerwaho n’akaga gaterwa na biriya byotsi birimo umwuka mubi wa carbone witwa C02 kandi bifite(ibihugu by’Afurika) uruhare ruto mu kuwohereza mu kirere. Ibi bihugu bikeneye kunga ubumwe bikazamura ijwi rimwe ryemeza ibihugu bikize ko igihe kigeze ngo Afurika ihabwe agahenge, abaturage bayo ntibakomeze kuba ibitambo. Read More
Rwanda calls for robust global agreement to address climate change (Rwanda Express – 30 November 2015) — The government of Rwanda is in support for a strong and binding agreement that would enable vulnerable countries to tackle climate change as the World moves in to curb the challenges. The agreement that is expected to be agreed on during the ongoing climate talks at UN Climate Change conference (COP21) in Paris, France would entail both financial and technological support. “We need to reach a meaningful agreement,” Dr Vincent Biruta, Minister of natural resources one of the delegates representing Rwanda at the summit said on Monday via twitter. Read More
Paris: Minisitiri Mushikiwabo yitabiriye inama ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere (Kigali Today – 30 November 2015) –Minisitiri Minisitiri Mushikiwabo yitabiriye iyi nama aherekejwe na Minisitiri w’Umutungo Kamere n’ibidukikije, Dr. Vincent Biruta. Minisitiri Biruta yari yatangaje ko muri iyo nama u Rwanda ruzakora ubuvugizi ku mafaranga agera kuri miliyari 100 bitarenze 2020, ibihugu bikomeye byemeye yo gutera inkunga imishinga yo kugabanya ingaruka z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere. U Rwanda rwateye intambwe mu guhangana n’ingaruka z’imihandagurikire y’ikirere rubungabunga imigezi runatera amashyamba ku misozi. Read More
Paris: COP21 inama y’umuryango mpuzamahanga yo kubungabunga ikirere (EnviroNews – 30 November 2015) — Uyu munsi kuwa 30/11/2015 I Paris mu Bufaransa hatangijwe inama mpuzamahanga yiga ku ruhare rw’ibihugu mu kubungabunga ibidukikije no kurengera ikirere COP21. Muri iyi nama itsinda ryavuye mu Rwanda rikaba rigizwe na Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga Louise Mushikiwabo, Minisitiri w’Umutungo Kamere Dr Vincent BIRUTA, Umuyobozi wa REMA Dr Rose Mukankomeje, n’abandi. Read More
Ibyo u Rwanda rwaratira abitabiriye inama yiga ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere i Paris (Igihe – 30 November 2015) — Inama mpuzamahanga yiga ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere n’ingamba zafatwa zo guhangana na yo irimo kubera i Paris mu Bufaransa (COP21), ni uwundi mwanya mwiza ku Rwanda wo kugaragaza ibyo rumaze kugeraho mu kurengera ibidukikije n’inzira yarwo igikomeza. Read More
RTV Evening News (RBA – 30 November 2015) — Coordinator of the Fund for the Environment & Climate Change, Alex Mulisa, was interview for the evening news on RTV about the fund and COP21.
From Around the World
François Hollande welcomes the 150 Heads of State (COP21 website – 30 November 2015) — The President of the French Republic, François Hollande, and the French Minister of Foreign Affairs and future President of COP21, Laurent Fabius, wanted to invite all Heads of State and Government to the opening of the Conference on 30 November in order to generate political momentum ahead of the negotiations, which will take place first at a technical level, then at ministerial level. By 28 November, 150 Heads of State and Government had accepted this invitation. This level of participation makes COP21 one of the largest diplomatic conferences ever organized, aside from the United Nations General Assembly sessions in New York. It has been described by Laurent Fabius as “a first” for France. Read More
COP21: Ban Ki-moon full speech at start of Paris climate change talks (IB Times – 30 November 2015) — Distinguished Heads of State and Government, Your Excellency Mr. Laurent Fabius, President of COP21, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, You are here today to write the script for a new future. A future of hope and promise — of increased prosperity, security and dignity for all. In September, you adopted an inspiring new sustainable development agenda with ambitious goals endorsed by all. Read More
COP21 Day 1 review: Cameron says poor nations must be supported in climate fight (The Edie Net- 30 November 2015) — Poorer nations must be given the financial support to develop low-carbon infrastructure and to deal with the impacts of climate change, Prime Minister David Cameron told the UN and other world leaders as the Paris climate talks got off to a flying start. “A deal in Paris must include clear support to the poorest nations,” Cameron said on the opening day of COP21 (30 November). “The UK has led the way in pledging 0.7% of GDP to help the most vulnerable across the world, including £5.8bn this Parliament to help them deal with the potentially devastating risks of climate change. Read More
Quotes From First Day of Paris Climate Conference (The New York Times – 30 November 2015) — A sample of quotes from the first day of U.N.-organized climate talks outside Paris being attended by 151 heads of state and government, more than two weeks after attacks in the French capital that killed 130 people. “What greater rejection of those who would tear down our world than marshaling our best efforts to save it?” — President Barack Obama.“What is at stake with this climate conference is peace. The fight against terrorism and the fight against climate change are two major global challenges we must face.” — French President Francois Hollande. “The consequences of climate change are already being felt by the world’s poorest and most vulnerable communities. It is crucial that any new global agreement emphasizes the need to support these communities to become more resilient and reduce the climate risks they face.” International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Secretary-General Elhadj As Sy. Read More
World’s vulnerable open gateway to climate safe future at Paris (The Climate Vulnerable Forum website – 30 November 2015) — Leaders of 30 nations seized day one of the Paris climate conference (COP21) by jointly issuing a historic declaration linking the hands of world’s vulnerable countries across continents. Read More
Paris climate summit: David Cameron warns ‘earth is in peril’ – as it happened (The Telegraph – 30 November 2015) — Summary of today’s events The speeches have finally finished so we’re wrapping up for the day – thanks for reading and here’s a recap of today’s events, from Henry Samuel in Paris and Emily Gosden in London. World leaders will have no excuses to tell their grandchildren if they fail to reach agreement to tackle climate change when the planet is in peril, David Cameron warned. Read More
With climate at ‘breaking point’, leaders urge breakthrough in Paris (Reuters – 30 November 2015) — World leaders launched an ambitious attempt on Monday to hold back rising temperatures, with the United States and China leading calls for the climate summit in Paris to mark a decisive turn in the fight against global warming. In a series of opening addresses to the U.N. talks, heads of state and government exhorted each other to find common cause in two weeks of bargaining to steer the global economy away from its dependence on fossil fuels. French President Francois Hollande said the world was at a “breaking point”. Read more
COP21 climate change summit: ‘Never have the stakes been so high’ (CNN – 30 November 2015) — World leaders opened pivotal climate talks Monday in Paris saying the stakes are too high to end the conference without achieving a binding agreement to help slow the pace of global climate change. “A political moment like this may not come again,” U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told leaders gathered for the conference. “We have never faced such a test. But neither have we encountered such great opportunity.” The talks began with a moment of silence for victims of the November 13 terror attacks in Paris, and the tragedy served as a touchstone for world leaders urging unity and action. “What greater rejection of those who would tear down our world than marshaling our best efforts to save it,” President Barack Obama said in his speech. French President Francois Hollande noted that “never have the stakes been so high because this is about the future of the planet, the future of life.” Read More
Obama: Business needs seat in climate efforts (Yahoo News – 30 November 2015) — President Barack Obama says the private sector needs to have a seat at the table as the world’s governments attempt to curb global warming. He says that governments will set the targets that nations will try to reach, but it will be scientists, private sector investors and workers who will largely determine whether those goals are met. Obama’s remarks come as part of an event in which at least 19 governments and 28 investors were announcing billions of dollars toward researching and developing clean energy technology. Read More
UN chief aims to build defences of poor against climate change (Thomson Reuters Foundation – 30 November 2015) — U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned that climate-related disasters are taking an ever greater toll on the poor and can wipe out decades of development gains, as he launched a global partnership to boost the resilience of vulnerable communities. The impacts of climate change – from intensifying droughts and floods to sea-level rise – are strengthening, as ecosystems and food and water supplies come under increasing pressure, he said. Economic losses from disasters have increased by more than 50 percent over the past decade, he noted. Read More
Leaders’ Statements at Paris Climate Talks (30 November 2015)
- President Obama (Watch here)
- Prime Minister David Cameron (Watch here)
- President Putin (Watch here)
- Prime Minister Modi (Watch here)
Read the statements made during the Leaders Event at the Paris Climate Change Conference – COP 21 / CMP 11 here.
Rwanda Delegation Update – 1 December 2015
The delegation on Monday was led by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje. The main event was the launching of the Africa Pavilion with the Chairperson of the AU, President of the AfDB and President of Benin. This was attended by most of the Rwanda delegation.
Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje also met with Sir David King and discussed the Rwanda/UK partnership and new opportunities to expand solar to off-grid villages.
Below are the major events that Rwanda will take part in today:
- 12:30: Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje will meet with the Executive Director of Green Climate Fund (GCF).
- 13:15: Minister Biruta will speak at and be a panelist at GCF High-level Side Event called ‘Deploying Resources of the Green Climate Fund: What makes a good projects’ More here
- 15:00: Minister Biruta will be a panelist at the Netherlands Pavilion on the launch of Climate Investor One, investment platform targeting small to medium sized renewable energy projects in emerging markets. More here
Some of the key announcements yesterday relevant to us were:
- 40 governments, hundreds of businesses and influential international organisations have called for the phasing out of fossil fuel subsidies
- Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom, announced a collective aim to provide $5 billion from 2015 to 2020, if forest countries demonstrate measured, reported and verified emission reductions.
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 1 December 2015
- The New Times reports that developed countries have agreed to provide financial help to developing nations to tackle climate change impacts.
- The Huffington Post publishes a story about how Africa can be most affected by the global warming, and how to address issues at the Paris climate talks.
- The Guardian reports that France is ready to support African countries to promote renewable energy projects.
- BBC News reports that the misunderstandings about coal plans in some nations would cause an increase to 2C degree target from 2030.
- UN posts a story about the importance in protecting forests, and how to eliminate the deforestation.
- Watch President Obama addressing the press after leaving COP21.
- Coordinator of Rwanda’s Green Fund (FONERWA), Alex Mulisa, appeared on KFM to discuss COP21 and the work of the fund.
Paris climate conference opens with pledge to support developing countries (The New Times – 1 December 2015) — The climate change conference opened yesterday in Paris with a pledge for more support to developing countries to address climate change challenges. Speaking at the opening ceremony, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres said: “We have to finalise an agreement that enables the achievement of national climate change goals, that delivers the necessary support for the developing world and that catalyzes continuously increasing ambition and action by all”. Read More.
The right price for preserving our climate (The New Times – 1 December 2015) — When world leaders convene in Paris this week for the United Nations Climate Change Conference, their task will be to reach a global agreement on curbing greenhouse-gas emissions. A successful outcome, demonstrating that countries can work together for the good of the planet, would send a powerful message of hope to the world – and to the people of Paris, who remain unbowed after the recent terrorist attacks. Read More.
Ku ikubitiro, inama y’i Paris yabaye igisubizo cy’imihindagurikire y’ikirere ku bihugu bikennye (Igihe – 1 December 2015) — Inama mpuzamahanga yiga ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere ibera i Paris (COP21),yatangiranye umuhigo wo gufasha ibihugu biri mu nzira y’amajyambere guhangana n’ingaruka ziyiturukaho. Read More.
Imishinga isubiza ibibazo by’ihindagurika ry’ikirere igiye guterwa inkunga(Igihe – 1 December 2015) — Mu gihe hirya no hino mu bice byo mu gihugu kimwe no ku isi, hagaragara ihindagurika ry’ibihe bigateza ingaruka nyinshi, Ubuyobozi bw’Ikigega cy’u Rwanda gishinzwe gutera inkunga imishinga yo kubungabunga ibidukikije (FONERWA), buvuga ko bwiteguye gushyigikira imishinga myiza yasubiza ibibazo biterwa n’ihindagurika ry’ikirere. Read More
COP21: Umwanya mwiza ku Rwanda wo gukora ubuvugizi mu bihugu bikize (RBA – 1 December 2015) — Muri iyi nama, u Rwanda rurangajwe imbere na minisitiri w’ubunayi n’amahanga Louise Mushikiwabo ndetse na minisitiri w’umutungo kamere Dr Vincent Biruta. Kimwe n’ibindi bihugu biri mu nzira y’amajyambere ndetse n’umugabane wa Afurika muri rusange, uyu ni umwanya mwiza ku Rwanda wo gukora ubuvugizi ku bihugu bikize, ngo bifashe ibikennye gutera intambwe yo guhangana n’ingaruka z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere iterwa n’ibyo bihugu byateye imbere. Ibi biganiro byitezweho gufata ibyemezo bikomeye ku mikorere y’inganda, kuko ubushakashatsi bwemeje ko ibyotsi byazo bikomeje kuba imwe mu mpamvu ikomeye mu gutuma isi ikomeza kugira ubushyuhe budasanzwe.Gusa ibihugu bikize mu rwego rw’inganda biritana ba mwana kandi birasa n’ibiseta ibirenge mu gufata ibyemezo bigamije kugabanya ibyuka byangiza ikirere byibura ku kigero cya degre ziri munsi y’ebyiri. Read More
COP21: France to spend billions on African renewable energy projects (The Guardian – 1 December 2015) — France plans to spend billions of euros in renewable energy and other environmental projects in its former west African colonies and across Africa over the next five years, President François Hollande said on Tuesday. Africa produces little of the greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, produced by burning fossil fuels, linked by scientists to rapid climate change. But it is particularly vulnerable to a changing climate, as much of its population is poor, rural and dependent on rain-fed agriculture. Read More
Khama blasts developed countries at climate change summit (StarAfrica – 1 December 2015) — Botswana President Ian Khama has lambasted developed countries at the ongoing climate change summit in Paris saying over the years through Conference of Parties (COP) they have been called upon to provide political leadership in climate change taking into consideration their historical responsibility but failed.“We must categorically state that they have failed to take the lead especially in reforming their industrial processes. As a result the world is suffering from the impacts of climate change,” Khama said in a speech delivered Monday at the ongoing COP21 summit in Paris, France. Read More
Africa Deserves Climate Justice — Here Are 5 Ways to Deliver It at COP 21(Huffington Post – 1 December 2015) — All countries stand to lose if we fail to reach a deal in Paris next month that restricts global warming to 2˚C. But African countries will lose the most — because they are the most vulnerable. Global warming has exacerbated the climate risk that Africa has long faced because of its high levels of background poverty, its farmers’ dependence on rainfall, its weak infrastructure and its lack of social welfare “safety nets.” Climate justice and basic human solidarity demand international cooperation to contain these risks. Africa has done little to cause global warming — its greenhouse gas emissions are only four percent of the world’s total. But it is already facing the worst effects of climate change. Read More
COP21 – Carlos Lopes : « L’Afrique doit faire changer la nature des débats » (Jeune Afrique – 1 December 2015) — Secrétaire exécutif de la Commission économique des Nations unies pour l’Afrique depuis 2012, Carlos Lopes sera présent à Paris à l’occasion de la COP21 pour apporter, avec les équipes du Fonds spécial de Clim-Dév, un soutien aux négociateurs africains. Quelques jours avant l’ouverture de l’événement, il nous a rendu visite au siège de Jeune Afrique. Avec franchise, il a reconnu le manque d’engagement du continent dans la lutte contre le changement climatique et l’échec des mécanismes de financement. L’économiste reste néanmoins optimiste sur la capacité de l’Afrique à bâtir un modèle de développement durable. Morceaux choisis. Read More
COP21 : Les pays vulnérables appellent à limiter le réchauffement à 1,5°C(Les Echos – 1 December 2015) — Alors que l’objectif de parvenir à un objectif de réchauffement climatique limité à 2 degré Celsius n’est pas acquis – car il suppose l’implication des 195 pays présents à la COP21, une coalition de pays en développement, essentiellement d’Asie, d’Afrique et du Pacifique, demande davantage. Ces Etats, dont les Philippines, le Bangladesh, l’Ethiopie, le Ghana, le Kenya, l’Afghanistan, les Maldives, le Costa Rica, Tuvalu, Vanuatu ou le Vietnam (voir la vidéo ci-dessous), particulièrement vulnérables aux effets du réchauffement, ont demandé lundi à la conférence sur le climat de Paris (COP21) d’adopter pour objectif un réchauffement limité à 1,5°C à la fin du siècle et non à 2°C. Read More
From around the World
COP21 Day 2 review: Deforestation top of the unofficial agenda (The Edie.Net – 1 December 2015) — Tuesday at COP21 was dominated by forests, as a plethora of NGO’s, businesses and dignitaries unveiled reforestation pledges, underlining the importance of carbon sequestration in reducing emissions. A coalition of big businesses – including Unilever and APRIL – announced a plan to stabilize forest cover by 2030 A coalition of big businesses – including Unilever and APRIL – announced a plan to stabilize forest cover by 2030 and restore forest cover to 1990 levels by 2050, equivalent to a 10% increase in the current level of global forest cover. The plan was announced by the Forest working group, under the banner of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s Low Carbon Technology Partnerships initiative.
Paris climate talks: Everything we learned on the second day of COP21 (Breaking News Ireland – 1 December 2015) — After a flurry of world leaders making big promises and holding high-profile tete-a-tetes, the real negotiating can get started at COP 21. Here’s all the stuff we gleaned from the second 24 hours in Paris. 1. Tackling deforestation is a key part of action on climate change Forest clearance in Malaysia (AP) Loss of forests each year accounts for around 11% of total greenhouse gas emissions, and the Prince of the Wales warned there is no plan B to tackle climate change if we don’t save our forests. 2. With many world leaders gone, the negotiations have already started looking a bit unwieldy. Read More
COP21: Coal plans would derail 2 degree warming target (BBC News – 1 December 2015) — That’s the conclusion of a new analysis presented here at the UN climate conference near Paris. Researchers said construction would see emissions four times higher than the 2 degree target by 2030. They say the building plans are in conflict with the carbon cutting agendas of countries like India and China. The Climate Action Tracker analysis says that 2,440 coal fired power stations are planned around the world before 2030. Read More
COP21: UN spotlights importance of protecting forests and agriculture to improve livelihoods, feed the world (UN News Centre – 1 December 2015) — The impacts of climate change on forests and agriculture were in the spotlight today at the United Nations climate change conference (COP21), as new alliances among organizations and stakeholders were announced aiming to eliminate natural deforestation and forest degradation, and to prevent threats to sustainable farming and people’s livelihoods. Read More
Watch Barack Obama’s news conference as he concluded his time at the Paris Climate talks. (Watch here)
Rwanda Delegation Update – 2 December 2015
The delegation was led by Minister Biruta, Ambassador Kabale and DG Mukankomeje. The main events were the GCF High-level Side Event called ‘Deploying Resources of the Green Climate Fund: What makes a good projects’ and the launch of Climate Investor One, investment platform targeting small to medium sized renewable energy projects in emerging markets at the Netherlands Pavilion.
Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje also met with the Executive Director of Green Climate Fund (GCF) and discussed Rwanda’s recent accreditation and readiness grant, which was disbursed yesterday.
Below are the major events that Rwanda will take part in today:
- 11:00: Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje will meet with Dr Naoko Ishii – Chief Executive Officer, Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- 13:00: Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje will meet with Rachel Kyte, Group Vice President & Special Envoy, Climate Change, World Bank, Laura Tuck, World Bank’s Vice President for Sustainable Development and John Roome, Senior Director for Climate Change at the World Bank.
Speeches by Minister Biruta
- Minister Biruta’s speech at the Green Climate Fund is available to read here.
- You can watch Minister Biruta’s remarks at the launch of Climate Investor 1 here.
- Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation Announced
- New International Initiatives Increase Resilience Protecting Millions of People
- The Green Climate Fund has disbursed a readiness grant to Rwanda
Day 3 Photos
You can view more photos from the delegation’s COP21 activities here.
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 2 December 2015
- Umuseke reports that Minister Biruta said Rwanda has put the environment and climate change at the heart of the country’s development when he spoke at a Green Climate Fund side event at COP21.
- In the New Times, Jose Graziano Da Silva writes that a solution to deal with climate change impacts such as hunger and extreme weather should involve everyone.
- The Edie.Net reports that Day 3 of COP21 has raised awareness on water waste, and how countries look forward to upgrade to systems that enhance climate resilience.
- The ZME Science reports that the fossil fuel industries are willing to try new strategies to reduce high-carbon emitting materials.
- The Africa Report writes a story that Africa can reach green economy if it invests in renewable energy materials, and cut down on high carbon substances
Paris: Gahunda z’u Rwanda zose zizirikana ibidukikije – Min. Biruta (Umuseke – 2 December 2015) — Mu nama mpuzamahanga igamije gushakira umuti ikibazo cy’ihindagurika ry’ibihe irimo kubera i Paris mu Bufaransa, Minisitiri w’umutungo kamere Dr Vincent Biruta yagaragarije isi ko u Rwanda muri gahunda zarwo z’iterambere zose rudasiga inyuma ibidukikije. Read More
Rwanda, UK ink energy deal (The New Times – 3 December 2015) — The Government Rwanda has signed a memorandum of understanding with UK government to help boost power generation. The deal was reached yesterday in London as part of UK-backed Energy Africa campaign. The agreement was signed by Rwanda’s Infrastructure minister James Musoni and UK’s International Development minister Nick Hurd during the Global African Investment Summit in London on Wednesday. Read More
Tackling climate change and fighting hunger should go hand-in-hand (The New Times – 2 December 2015) — The COP 21 climate conference, to be held in Paris in the aftermath of the recent barbarian acts of terrorism, is a fresh opportunity for the international community to come together and show its commitment to the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as the most appropriate way to promote a fairer, safer and more inclusive world, where no one is left behind. There will be no peace without sustainable development. And there will never be sustainable development while people continue to feel excluded, and while people continue suffering from extreme poverty and hunger. Read More
Sobanukirwa n’Ikigega Fonerwa gitera inkunga imishinga yo kurengera Ibidukikije (Environews – December 2015) — Leta y’u Rwanda ibinyujije muri Minisiteri y’Umutungo Kamere MINIRENA, ndetse n’Ikigo cy’Igihugu cyo Kurengera Ibidukikije REMA, yashyiriyeho abanyarwanda batandukanye yaba imiryango itegamiye kuri Leta, Ibigo bya Leta, Abikorera ku giti cyabo ndetse n’abandi bose uburyo bashobora kubona inkunga mu mishanga yo kurengera ibidukikije. Read More
From Across Africa
Climate Change: Africa fights for a deal (The Africa Report – 2 December 2015) — At the Sustainable Development Summit held at the United Nations in New York in September, various African leaders forcefully made the case for a strong climate change agreement in Paris. They said extreme weather variations on the continent had led to devastating human costs, affecting livelihoods. These developments have devastating human costs and are affecting food security, livelihoods and the very survival of our people Taking action to address climate change is essential for promoting sustainable development, the leaders told the UN, as they joined in adopting a new global agenda — the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — to end poverty, promote prosperity and protect the environment. Read More
Africa taking the fight to COP21 (Africa Times – 2 December 2015) — The on-going COP21 summit in Paris, is an occasion that has announced itself with all the resounding glory of a wet lettuce, fundamental decisions are being made about the planet’s future and, more importantly, the generations of people who will suffer by or benefit from them. But is Africa’s voice heard? At the heart of this summit are the so-called IDNCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions), which are supposed to keep global warming within a scientifically fickle and politically decided 2C target. Read More
From around the World
Paris Climate Talks: Getting down to business on day 3 (The New York Times – 2 December 2015) — The world leaders have left the building, and the negotiators at Le Bourget are getting down to business. Topic No. 1 is no surprise: money.When the schedule of Wednesday’s events at Le Bourget was posted in the morning, one item, listed as “special announcement,” popped out immediately: A two-hour closed-door meeting described as an “open consultation on the finance process.”The finance process is crucial to the success of the climate change negotiations. As always, it goes back to Hillary Clinton’s 2009 pledge in Copenhagen that rich countries would mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 to help poor countries adapt to the ravages of climate change and to make the expensive transition to cleaner energy sources from cheap fossil fuels. Read More
COP21 Live Blog: Day 3 (ZME Science – 2 December 2015) — “It does seem that the Paris talks will either be a major multinational agreement, or the end of global efforts to limit emissions”. We’ll end the day on those words, heard in one form or another several times today. 18:26 It’s equally important to allocate money and to reduce the drivers that create climate risk in the first place. An IDMC panel discusses people’s vulnerability to climate change and how this causes displacement. US supports a COp21 agreement that is legally binding “in many respects” but not emissions reduction target itself, US envoy Stern says. Read More
The complete run-down for this year’s historic COP21 conference (Mashable – 2 December 2015) — Climate change is a hot topic. As the scientific community increasingly voices concerns over the pressing need for humanity to come up with more sustainable methods of living, honest and urgent global discussions are of the utmost importance. The annual COP21 conference, held this year in Le Bourget, France, is one — and perhaps the most promising — example of a gathering of the world’s most eco-conscious personalities, who come together to discuss how we as humans can do better by our planet. Read More
PARIS COP 21: India introspects on failing to tell its climate change and energy story (Huffington Post India – 2 December 2015) — India has a compelling story to tell about its huge challenge of combating poverty and providing 300 million people with electricity, while dealing with climate change to which it is acutely vulnerable. Instead, the world has come to see India as a major polluter which is derailing plans to counter the global crisis by ramping up its coal production, and whining at climate change negotiations about its problems. Read More
Almost $3.4 trillion divested away from fossil fuel, $800 bn. more than in September (ZME Science – 2 December 2015) — If we’re to avert potentially catastrophic global warming past the 2 degrees Celsius threshold set by the IPCC and adopted by the UN COP21 meeting, efforts on all fronts are required. This means massive advances in research and development, continued and sustained deployment of new renewable energy especially in developing nations and phasing out subsidies. Meanwhile, important actors on the financial market stage need to be aware where their money is being funnel and what it’s used for. Many corporations, universities, churches, municipalities, private individuals and so on have money invested in the fossil fuel industry worth trillions of dollars. Read More
COP21 Day 3 review: Water commitments begin pouring in (The Edie.Net – 2 December 2015) — The third day of the Paris climate summit saw attention turn to water, an area that is often overlooked in sustainability due to its low cost but is absolutely vital to the functioning of many businesses, not to mention countries. The Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation has already secured $1bn funding Twenty-seven businesses including GSK, Saint Gobain, Veolia, Danone and Diageo today (2 December) launched a new coalition called the Business Alliance for Water and Climate Change. The group aims to reduce risks related to the quality and availability of water. Actions will include water impact measurement and reduction; reporting and transparency; collective action within river basins and taking stewardship of water use through the business value chain. Read More
Philippines Leads Coalition of Climate-Vulnerable Countries (Asia Sentinel – 2 December 2015) — As one of the highly vulnerable countries from climate change, the Philippines leads a coalition of developing countries aiming to boost their fight against the worsening impacts of climate change at climate change talks in Paris that began on Dec. 1. The group of 20 developing countries, eight of which come from Asia, have formed the Climate Vulnerability Forum (CVF). They are comprised of Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Maldives, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Ghana, Nepal, Timor-Leste, Barbados, Kenya, Tuvalu, Bhutan, Kiribati, Rwanda, Vanuatu, Costa Rica, Madagascar, Saint Lucia and Vietnam. Read More
Rwanda Delegation Update – 3 December 2015
The delegation was led by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje. The main events yesterday were meetings with Government of Rwanda partners including the Global Environment Facility and the World Bank.
Meeting with the World Bank
- The meeting with the World Bank team went very well. Minister Biruta & DG Mukankomeje met with Rachel Kyte, Laura Tuck and John Roome. The discussion focused on the World Bank support to the Landscape Approach to Forest Restoration and Conservation (LAFREC) Project and the readiness of Rwanda to respond to extreme natural events. The Minister and DG spoke about Rwanda’s Risk Atlas map and El Niño effects. Rachel Kyte commended Rwanda, saying that the country is the example they share with others and that Rwanda has worked very hard to have the right policies and institutions in place to access finance. She was very pleased to hear about the strong community ownership of the LAFREC Project. She encouraged Rwanda to discuss potential contributions to climate resilience programmes with donor nations. She said Rwanda is doing everything the international community is asking and more.
Meeting with the Global Environment Facility
- The meeting discussed the strong partnership between Rwanda and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and ongoing projects such as the Landscape Approach to Forest Restoration and Conservation (LAFREC) Project to rehabilitate the Gishwati Mukura forest and surrounding areas. Dr Naoko Ishii, CEO of the GEF, appreciated Rwanda’s conservation efforts and success in implementing project, especially projects that are integrated and take into account a range of local factors. With the success of the LAFREC Project to date, the GEF is now promoting Rwanda’s approach in other countries. Rwanda is in the process of preparing a new project for GEF funding through UNDP and was encouraged to submit this soon so that the project can be assessed. Dr Naoko Ishii said she is looking forward to visiting the country’s GEF projects and tracking the mountain gorillas. She has this to say about Rwanda’s conservation efforts:
Major events Rwanda will take part in today:
- 13:00: Minister Biruta and/or DG Mukankomeje will attend the Climate Vulnerable Forum member state meeting (TBC) – invitation attached
- The meeting is an opportunity to coordinate advocacy on core priorities from the Manila-Paris Declaration for week 2 of COP including messaging during the Monday ministerial segment. It will also be an opportunity to confirm new countries that have signalled interest to endorse the Declaration and/or join the CVF.
- 13:00: Minister Biruta and/or DG Mukankomeje will meet with Hans Olav Ibrekk, Chairman, Adaptation Fund Board (TBC)
- 15:30: Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje will meet with the Global Green Growth Institute and sign a GoR/GGGI Memorandum of Understanding
- A new draft agreement is on the negotiating table (Read Text Here)
- Paris pledges €1 million to Green Climate Fund
- Investor Groups Urge Faster Transition to Low-Carbon
- African Renewable Energy Initiative launched with 300 GW 2030 target
Day 4 Photos
Above: Minister Biruta meeting with Dr Naoko Ishii, CEO of the Global Environment Facility
Above: Biruta, DG Mukanjomeje and Dr Naoko Ishii, CEO of the Global Environment Facility
Above: Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje meeting with the team from the World Bank including Rachel Kyte, Group Vice President & Special Envoy, Climate Change, Laura Tuck, Vice President for Sustainable Development and John Roome, Senior Director for Climate Change.
Above: Head of the Forestry Department, Adrie Mukashema, trying out virtual reality at the Great Green Wall exhibition at the COP21 Africa Pavilion
Above: The Rwanda Delegation to the Paris Climate Talks
Above: Matthieu Remonnay, Denis Rugege, Adrie Mukashema and Bright Ntare at the COP21
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 3 December 2015
- EnviroNews reports that Rwanda’s minister of Natural Resources and Director of REMA have met with the Global Environment Facility.
- The New Times reports that Rwanda has signed a deal with UK to boost livelihoods in rural areas with off-grid power supply.
- PV magazine writes that Africa has launched its proposal at the Paris talks to generate 300 GW by 2030.
- The Green Climate Fund quotes Minister Biruta in a story about their ‘What Makes a Good Project?’ side event.
GCF side event asks ‘what makes a good project?’ (Green Climate Fund – 3 December 2015) — A side event at COP 21 hosted by the Green Climate Fund on 2 December brought together over 500 participants for a discussion on how to create good low-emission and climate-resilient projects. Vincent Biruta, Rwanda’s Minister of Natural Resources, introduced the KawiSafi programme which will initially operate in Rwanda and Kenya. It will drive off-grid solar power in East Africa by creating a new investment fund – KawiSafi – that will provide equity to clean energy companies with expertise in household solar power. The Minister also noted that the Rwandan Ministry of Natural Resources had itself recently been accredited by the Fund, a significant achievement which was the result of putting environment and climate change at the heart of Rwanda’s development. Accreditation had been possible because Rwanda had identified its challenges, set specific goals, and put in place the frameworks. “We have the responsibility to be efficient, and ensure what we do is cost-effective, viable, and transferable,” Minister Biruta stated. Read More
Rwanda, UK energy deal to boost off-grid power supply in rural areas (The New Times – 4 December 2015) — Rwanda has signed a memorandum of understanding with UK government as part of efforts to boost off-grid power supply to rural households. The agreement, which is part of the Energy Africa campaign, was signed by the Minister for Infrastructure, James Musoni, and Nick Hurd, the UK International Development minister during the Global African Investment Summit in London on Wednesday. Rwanda becomes the six country to join the campaign that seeks to accelerate universal energy access in sub-Saharan Africa by boosting the continent’s household solar market. Others are Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia Ghana and Malawi. Read More
Paris: Minister Dr Vincent Biruta ari kumwe na Dr Rose Mukankomeje bagiranye Inama n’Umuyobozi wa Global Environment Facility (EnviroNews – 3 December 2015) — Ni mu nama mpuzamahanga iri kubera i Paris mu gihugu cy’Ubufransa yiga ku cyakorwa ngo imihindagurikire y’ikirere igabanuke (COP21) aho Minisitiri w’Umutungo Kamere Dr Vicent Biruta ndetse n’abayobozi batandukanye bagiye bahagarariye u Rwanda, kuri uyu munsi taliki ya 3/12/2015 yagiranye inama yanatanze umusaruro mwiza n’Umuyobozi wa Global Environment Facility Dr Naoko Ishii. Impamvu nyamukuru y’iyi nama byari ukurebera hamwe uburyo habaho imbaranga mu mikoranire y’uyu muryango ndetse na Leta y’u Rwanda cyane cyane ku mishanga iri gukorwa nka LAFREC, uwo gusana ishyamba rya Gishwati ndetse n’irya Mukura. Read More
Paris: Bimwe mubyo wakwibaza ku ntego ya COP21 _Dr Saleemul Huq (EnviroNews – 3 December 2015) — I paris mu gihugu cy’Ubufransa hari kubera inama ifite intego yo kwigira hamwe uko ibihugu byose byo ku isi byarwanya iyangirika ry’ikirere. Muri iyi nkuru turabagezaho bimwe mu bisubizo ku bibazo byabajijwe Dr Saleemul Huq umwe mu baharanira kubungabunga ibidukikije n’ikirere mu gihugu cya Bangladeshi uri muri iyi nama ya COP21, akaba n’umuyobozi wa International Centre for Climate Change & Development (ICCCAD). Read More
From across Africa
Climate change summit: African leaders call on developed to act (France24 – 3 December 2015) — At the make or break climate summit in Paris from Cameroon to Zimbabwe, African Leaders called on developed countries to act. We head to one community in Ivory Coast struggling to defend homes from the encroaching waves. Read More
Growthpoint commits to green building projects at COP21 (BizNis Africa – 3 December 2015) — Growthpoint Properties has made an ambitious commitment to sustainability, energy efficiency and green building, to coincide with Buildings Day at COP21 in Paris today, 3 December 2015. South Africa’s largest publicly-traded REIT has committed to boost its solar energy generation, make all its 184 office buildings energy and water efficient, and ensure all its long-term office investments and new developments are certified green buildings. Read More
COP21: African Renewable Energy Initiative launched, 300 GW 2030 target(PV Magazine – 3 December 2015) — Africa has pledged its support for renewables in Paris this week by announcing the launch of the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI). The goal is to achieve universal access to energy on the continent. 10 GW of new and additional renewable energy capacity is planned by 2020, while the potential to generate 300 GW is expected by 2030. Read More
From around the World
UN climate talks turn hostile over money (Africa Review – 4 December 2015) — Angry developing nations warned Thursday that increasingly tense UN talks aimed at averting catastrophic climate change would fail unless a bitter feud over hundreds of billions of dollars was resolved. Negotiators from 195 nations are haggling in Paris over a planned universal accord to slash greenhouse-gas emissions that trap the Sun’s heat, warming Earth’s surface and oceans and disrupting its delicate climate system. Read More
Paris pledges €1 million to Green Climate Fund (Green Climate Fund – 3 December 2015) — The Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, yesterday announced a pledge of EUR 1 million (USD 1.05 million) to the Green Climate Fund. The pledge was announced during a meeting between Mayor Hidalgo and Héla Cheikhrouhou, the Fund’s Executive Director, at the Paris Hôtel de Ville (City Hall). Paris is currently hosting the UNFCCC climate conference (COP 21). Read More
COP21: Major international partnerships to protect the most vulnerable (The New Europe – 3 December 2015) — The UN and the Governments of Peru and France announced major international partnerships that are mobilizing large-scale financing to protect people who are most vulnerable to climate impacts. These initiatives were announced on the third day of the United Nations climate change conference (COP21), dubbed “Resilience Day.” All of the initiatives are taking place under the Lima to Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), launched one year ago at the previous climate change conference in Peru, and aims to strength climate action beyond COP21. “Resilience is really important because the climate is already changing, and we need to be able to not just adapt to the changes but actually develop in a way that takes into account that in the future, climate will still change,” Janos Pasztor, the UN Assistant Secretary-General on Climate Change, told the UN News Service in an interview at the conference site in Paris. Read More
Paris Climate Talks Delve Into Details (The Wall Street Journal – Thursday 3 December 2015) — Rich and poor countries are struggling to bridge thorny divides as they push to produce a global climate-change agreement, increasing pressure on negotiators to show progress over the remaining week of talks. Since heads of state kicked the meeting off Monday on a positive note, negotiators have plunged into the details that need resolving to codify individual national plans to cut emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases after 2020. A climate change accord would need the consent of nearly 200 countries. Read More
COP 21: 12 things we’ve learnt from the Paris Summit so far (Business Green – 3 December 2015) — The first few days of the Paris Climate Summit have been remarkably eventful, with world leaders signalling their support for an ambitious deal, the French hosts pioneering a new approach to the negotiations, and businesses from the world announcing a raft of climate commitments. BusinessGreen takes a look at some of the key developments so far: 1. World leaders want a deal. Read More
Rwanda Delegation Update – 6 December 2015
The delegation was led by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje. The main events were opening of the High Level Segment, which was attended by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje, the Launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report at which Minister Biruta spoke, the delivery of Rwanda’s National Statement and the Launch of the GGGI Inclusive Green Growth Partnership.
Opening of High Level Segment of the Paris Climate Talks
- Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje attended the opening of the High Level Segment at which Ministers from around the world were present.
Ministerial Launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report
- Minister Biruta joined Borge Brende, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Norway, Achim Steiner, Executive Director, UNEP and Mary Robinson, UN Special Envoy for Climate Change to launch the inaugural 1 Gigaton Coalition report. You can read the Minister’s statement here. and watch him speak here. Photo can be viewed here.
Delivery of National Statement
- The National Statement for Rwanda was read by Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta in the main plenary hall of the COP21. You can read the national statement here and watch the Minister deliver it here. Photos can be viewed here.
Launch of the the GGGI Inclusive Green Growth Partnership
- Minister Biruta spoke on a panel about the kinds of finance solutions that can support countries to deliver on their INDCs and SDGs. The Minister spoke about Rwanda’s Green Fund (FONERWA), noting the funds mobilise to date, the role of the private sector and the need to encourage them to see green investments as opportunities rather than risks. During the panel, Erik Solheim, Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, said:
Photos from the event can be viewed here.
Today’s Major Events:
- 9:00-10:00: AMCEN Recap Meeting
The delegation attended at a recap meeting of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment to review the progress of the negotiations.
- 9:00-10:00: Organisation International de la francophonie high level meeting
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye attended the event where a guide for negotiations book and its summary for negotiators was launched.
- 10:30-11:00: Meeting with UNECA
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye met with Fatima Denton, Director of special initiatives at UNECA. The discussion was mainly on the progress of the technical support programme to Rwanda on climate and hydrology.
- 11:30 onwards: Opening of Africa Day at COP21
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye will lead the delegation to attend the opening of the Africa Day at the Paris Climate Talks.
- 13:00: Climate Vulnerable Forum Public Action
Members of the delegation will attend the public action at the Le Bourget site organised by the Climate Vulnerable Forum to call for the agreement to include the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal.
- 14:00 – 15:00: AMCEN-EU Working Lunch Meeting
DG Mukankomeje will attend the lunch meeting of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment at the EU Pavilion in Hall 2.
- 14:15-15:45: Nordic expertise to boost geothermal development in East Africa
Members of the delegation will attend a presentation of efforts to combat climate change in East Africa through the Geothermal Exploration Project. The EUR 10 million project covers the 13 East African Rift Valley countries. As part of the project, a plan to establish a Geothermal Centre of Excellence will be introduced.
- 15:30: Meeting with the Green Climate Fund
Alex Mulisa and the delegation will meet with the Green Climate Fund to discuss the recent funding proposal. Location is the GCF stand at Hall 3, stand 18, next to the Africa Pavilion.
- 19:30 – 20:30: Climate Finance Access Hub
Members of the delegation will attend the Commonwealth Secretariat and the Government of Mauritius hosted event on the Climate Finance Access Hub.
- The United Nations and partners launched a $5 billion initiative to expand renewable energy capacity in Africa
- Allianz, ABP Join Portfolio Decarbonization Coalition, Aligning Portfolios with Low-Carbon Economy
- New Global Initiative Launches at COP21 to Boost Green Growth Financing
- Global Business Community Comes to Paris with Solutions for Taking On the Climate Challenge Across the Board
Stories, Videos and Photos
- National Statement by Dr Vincent Biruta at UN Climate Change Conference — COP21/CMP11
- Watch Minister Biruta deliver Rwanda’s national statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris
- View photos of Minister Biruta delivering Rwanda’s National Statement at COP21
- Remarks by Minister Vincent Biruta at the Launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report
- Watch Minister Biruta speak at the launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report
- View photos of the launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition report.
Day 7 Photos
Above: Rwanda’s Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta, helps to launch the GGGI Inclusive Green Growth Partnership at the Paris Climate Talks
Above: Mahua Acharya, GGGI’s new Assistant Director-General and Head of the Knowledge Solutions Division, encourages participants at the launch of the Inclusive Green Growth Partnership to learn more about Rwanda’s Green Fund (FONERWA).
Above: Rwanda’s Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta, with Erik Solheim, Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee and Former Minister of Environment & International Development, Norway and AfDB Representative.
Above: Minister Biruta delivers Rwanda’s national statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris
Above: Minister Vincent Biruta helping to launch the inaugural report of the 1 Gigaton Coalition.
Above: Minister Vincent Biruta with Borge Brende, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Norway, Achim Steiner, Executive Director, UNEP and Mary Robinson, UN Special Envoy for Climate Change.
Above: Environmental Expert Denis Rugege and UNFCC Focal Point Faustin represent Rwanda at the High-Level segment of the Paris Climate Talks
More photos can be viewed here.
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 8 December 2015
- The East African Business Week publishes an interview with Rwanda’s Minister of Finance, Claver Gatete, on joining the Vulnerable 20 Group of Nations and expectations for COP 21.
- The New Times reports that the Global Green Growth Institute has signed an MOU with Rwanda to boost the country’s green economy.
- Igihe reports that Rwanda has signed an agreement with a Korean Institute to help in building the green economy and climate resilience.
- Mail & Guardian Africa publishes a story that 10 African countries including Rwanda, have established African Forest Landscape Restoration known as AFR100.
- RFI reports that agriculture as most of the African continent work has been neglected at COP21.
- The UN quotes Ban Ki-moon saying that we have the unique opportunity to define our own destiny.
- Al Jazeera writes that 150 nations have made plans to fight climate change, but an agreed system for each country’s ambition is still needed.
Green growth institute backs Rwanda green economy agenda (The New Times – 8 December 2015) — The government has signed an agreement with the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) under which the latter will support the country’s efforts to build a green and sustainable economy. The signing took place last week at the international conference on climate change in Paris, France. Read More
REDD+ handed in Paris (The New Times – 7 December 2015) — It’s been 30 years since the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations launched the Tropical Forestry Action Plan, the first global intergovernmental initiative to halt forest loss. Since then, deforestation has continued unabated, and the latest international effort to stop it – an initiative known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) – looks no more likely to be effective. Far from protecting the world’s forests, the most notable outcome of these two agreements has been, ironically, the production of reams of expensive consultancy reports. Read More
COP21: Korean institute supports Rwanda into climate change resilience (Igihe – 7 December 2015) — The cooperation is based on the development of Rwandan livelihoods, economic development, strengthening partnership through technical projects and capacity building in environment conservation and protection to make Rwanda resilient to climate change.The cooperation will support Rwanda Fund for Environment and Climate Change (FONERWA ) to design climate change resilient projects as well as capacity building.Dr.Vincent Biruta, the minister of natural resources has lauded GGGI efforts in supporting Rwanda’s green growth and livelihood improvement. Read More
At Paris climate talks, African coalition aims to restore 100 million hectares of forest (Mail & Guardian Africa) — A coalition of African countries and donors unveiled an ambitious initiative on the sidelines of a crunch UN climate conference Sunday to restore 100 million hectares (250 million acres) of degraded and deforested land by 2030.Called the African Restoration Initiative (AFR100), the project aims to nurture the regrowth of forests that would become a powerful “carbon sink,” absorbing climate-altering carbon dioxide and providing a livelihood for the rural poor. Read More (More coverage: Africa Times & CP Africa)
Rwanda joins 19 to mitigate climate (East African Business Week – 6 December 2015) –Rwanda recently joined 19 other countries in launching the ‘Vulnerable 20’ – a group of nations most at risk from the impact of climate change. The V20 wants to use the power and potential of finance as an integral tool in solving this problem is a group. It comprises of Finance Ministers from countries most vulnerable to climate change. Rwanda’s Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, Amb. Claver Gatete recently spoke to Agnes Bateta about the V20 and why Rwanda joined the group. Below are excerpts. Question: What is the Vulnerable 20 and why did Rwanda decide to join? Read More
Climate change mitigation: developed nations should help developing ones – Biruta (Rwanda Focus – 2 Decemember 2015) — The Minister for Natural Resources, Vincent Biruta, has called on developed nations to help developing nations in climate change mitigation. Read More
From across Africa
Africa grasps renewable energy and adaptation financing at the COP21 (ICTSD – 7 December 2015) –From the opening of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21), African leaders have made strong stands for their continent’s need for energy expansion, and the minimisation of the detrimental effects of climate change. Matching responses were received from the international community in the form of substantial commitments made to a renewable energy initiative and adaptation fund.The COP21 or the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties, has brought together negotiators of 200 countries in Paris to finalise a legally binding international climate agreement. The overarching goal of the agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Read More
Africa’s demands at the Paris COP21 (Southern African – 7 December 2015) — As climate change experts are set to meet for the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (CoP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015, in Paris, France, it is worth noting that Zimbabwe and most other African countries are getting more vulnerable to climatic changes.Climatologists predict sectoral impacts affecting various sectors from environment, agriculture and food security, health, water resources, economic activities, human migration and physical infrastructure. Read More
COP21 : déjà 10 milliards d’euros réunis pour les énergies renouvelables en Afrique (Jeune Afrique – 7 December 2015) — 07 décembre 2015 à 18h10 — Mis à jour le 07 décembre 2015 à 18h18Par Jeune Afrique avec AFPinShare0Laurent Fabius, ministre français des Affaires étrangères et président de la COP21, a annoncé lundi que les pays développés ont déjà mobilisé 10 milliards d’euros de financements publics pour soutenir une initiative africaine de développement des énergies renouvelables sur ce continent.Pour les énergies vertes en Afrique, les pays développés mettent la main au portefeuille : déjà 10 milliards d’euros réunis, selon Laurent Fabius, chef de la diplomatie française. Read More
Agriculture neglected in Cop21 negotiation text, AU expert (RFI – 7 December 2015) — This week is critical for negotiators at Cop21 in Paris – with a working text on the table, environment ministers from Africa will be discussing how the issues of dealing with climate change can take priority. RFI spoke to Estherine Fotabong, the African Union’s New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad) Director of Programme Implementation and Coordination, to get her take on the closed-door talks. Read More
From around the World
COP-21 Roundup: Dec. 7 – Day 8 (Carbon Pulse – 7 December 2015) — The final stretch of years of climate negotiations begin this week, as negotiators over the weekend passed a Paris text on to the French presidency, and ministers get involved. Carbon Pulse will publish news and updates from COP21 as they happen. 1808 CET – FRANCE, US STATES SIGN LOW-CARBON PARTNERSHIP: France, California, Washington state and Vermont signed an agreement to promote innovation and share technology in key low-carbon sectors, creating “non-relocatable jobs” in the process. The plan will focus on renewables, energy efficiency and storage, sustainable buildings, low-carbon transport, and water management. Read More
Actions on renewable energy and energy efficiency in developing countries could reduce emissions by 1.7 Gt/year by 2020 (UNEP News Centre – 7 December 2015) — Initial analysis of almost 6,000 projects targeting renewable energy and energy efficiency in developing countries has revealed that the projects could reduce CO2 emissions by about 1.7 gigatons a year by 2020.The findings, released today at COP21 in Paris by the 1 Gigaton Coalition in its first annual report, entitled Narrowing the Emissions Gap: Contributions from renewable energy and energy efficiency activities, are based on projects implemented between 2005 and 2012.They show the potential for further emissions reductions if programmes and initiatives are supported further to replicate successful projects more widely. Read More
New Nordic Climate Solutions – a contribution to the COP21 dialogue (Huffington Post – 7 December 2015) — If we continue to emit in current rates we have only about 15 years left before we have emitted enough CO2 to warm this planet with more than 2 degrees. This is not a political statement, but a scientific one.COP21 in Paris is therefore a defining moment for the development of life and human activity on our planet. The world’s eyes are on the negotiators. The Nordic Council of Ministers, together with Nordic actors, are committed to making an extra effort to contribute with Nordic dialogue, ideas and solutions in conjunction to the climate conference. Read More
COP21: ‘We have the unique opportunity to define our own destiny,’ Ban tells UN climate summit (UN News Centre – 7 December 2015) — Calling climate change a defining issue of our time, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today told top government officials that the opportunity exists “to define our own destiny” at the UN climate change conference (COP21) in Paris.“In rising to the climate challenge, we can set the world on a sustainable footing for generations to come, and lay the foundation for prosperity and security for all,” he said at a High-Level ministerial segment one week into COP21, which kicked off at the Paris-Le Bourget site last Monday in the north-east of the French capital. Read More
Roadblocks remain as COP 21 talks enter final stretch (France 24 – 7 December 2015) — The excitement and applause generated by the presentation of a draft agreement on Saturday gave way to cautious optimisim on Monday as negotiating teams went back to work at Le Bourget convention centre just north of Paris.”Outside these negotiating halls, there is a rising tide for a strong, universal agreement,” UN chief Ban Ki-Moon told foreign ministers from around the world who must now agree on a final and – many hope – detailed text. “The world is expecting more from you than half-measures and incremental approaches,” Ban added. Read More
COP21: Carbon emissions ‘to stall or even decline’ this year (BBC News – 7 December 2015) — Researchers say it is the first time this has happened while the global economy has continued to grow.The fall-off is due to reduced coal use in China, as well as faster uptake of renewables, the scientists involved in the assessment add.But they expect the stall to be temporary and for emissions to grow again as emerging economies develop.According to the study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change and presented here at COP21 in Paris, emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and industry are likely to have fallen 0.6% in 2015. Read More
Key issues still face COP21 (Mail & Guardian Africa – 7 December 2015) — COP21 was always going to come down to the last week, where ministers arrive and try iron out what disagreements are left in the draft text of a possible climate change agreement.Sleepless nights and intense pressure mean an agreement should still be reached – creating a global goal for managing temperature increases.But the hurdles are great. After four years of negotiations – starting after COP17 in Durban – the draft deal still runs to 48 pages. It also has more than 900 square brackets, which are left to show areas of disagreement. Read More
COP21: ‘All of the major economies need to do more’ (Aljazeera – 7 December 2015) — Even though it has been called the biggest threat facing humanity, for years, countries, particularly rich ones, have done nothing to fundamentally tackle climate change.Global carbon emissions have increased by more than 48 percent since 1992, when the first UN climate change conference took place in Rio de Janeiro. Read More
COP21: Ministers in final push for Paris climate deal (BBC News – 7 December 2015) — The politicians will attempt to craft a deal from a draft negotiating text signed off by delegates here on Saturday.Poor countries warned the talks would fail if the rich tried to limit their right to grow to protect the climate.One delegate said the poor could not accept starvation as the price of a successful deal in Paris.Negotiators have taken four years to produce the draft text of a long-term agreement. The ministers will have just five days to turn that text into a deal acceptable to all 195 parties here. Read More
Deal or no deal? Crunch week for COP21 climate negotiations (EuroNews – 7 December 2015) — It is crunch time at the COP 21 in Paris – will efforts to reach a climate change deal bear fruit? As the summit enters its final week, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has warned that the “clock is ticking toward climate catastrophe.”The deadline for a deal is this coming Friday.“For COP 21, we’re embarking on a week of hope. The objective and requirements are clear. We need a universal agreement on climate,” said Laurent Fabius, French Foreign Minister, on Monday. Read More
Semaine cruciale à Paris pour la COP21 (EuroNews- 7 December 2015) — l reste cinq jours aux participants à ce sommet historique sur le climat pour trouver un accord de limitation du réchauffement climatique. Une première version du texte pourrait être présentée mercredi et un accord final signé jeudi. (Watch: French & English)
Rwanda Delegation Update – 8 December 2015
The delegation on Tuesday was led by DG Mukankomeje. Below are the main events and meetings attended and a short summary of the discussion and outcomes.
Organisation International de la Francophonie High Level Meeting
Rwanda’s UNFCCC Focal Point, Faustin Munyazikwiye, attended the event where a guide book for negotiations and its summary were launched.
Meeting with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye met with Fatima Denton, Director of Special Initiatives at UNECA. The discussion focused on the progress of the technical support programme to Rwanda on climate and hydrology. The main outcomes of the meeting included the appointment of a new focal person for the project, Dr Wilfran, who was present at the meeting and the guaranteeing of a no cost extension starting in January 2015.
The UNECA team also accepted to speed up the process of printing the Vulnerability Index Report for Rwanda. The delegation was requested to package new activities to be included in the extension of the agreement and upscale existing project activities on climate change, hydrology and meteorology in a separate agreement.
Opening of Africa Day at the COP21 Climate Conference
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye led the delegation at the opening of the Africa Day at the Africa Pavilion. At the event, EAC Secretary General Richard Sezibera commended Africa for submitting national climate plans (INDCs) but said one is needed for the whole continent, as the EU has done. He also said that the EAC will soon submit a climate change bill to the East Africa Legislative Assembly.
The meeting heard that out of 54 countries on the continent, 53 have submitted their climate action plans (Libya has not yet submitted). With the commitments now made, Africa is calling for the resources and technology to implement their plans – a key point that needs to be agreed on as part of the ongoing negotiations.
Meeting with United Nations Environment Programme
DG Mkankomeje met with Ermira Fida, Task Manager for Climate Change at UNEP. The discussion focused on the good partnership between Rwanda and UNEP, especially in the field of climate change. The two also discussed Phase 1 of the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) project that supported Rwanda’s early warning system for extreme weather events. This project included community engagement, equipment and collaboration with Meteo and the Ministry of Refugees and Disaster Management.
The future of UNEP support through the LDCF was discussed, including the project’s second phase, which will help to rehabilitate degraded ecosystems (wetlands, savannah etc.). The project is around US $6 million and will start soon. The final point on the agenda was Rwanda’s National Adaptation Plan. Rwanda has submitted the project identification form and is now waiting for the Global Environment Facility replenishment to move to implementation.
Meeting with the Climate Development Knowledge Meeting
DG Mukankomeje met with Carl Wesselink, Regional Director of CDKN Africa, and discussed support to REMA for its general mandate and climate resilience efforts. The focus of the meeting was on the work that can be done together through the provision of technical assistance to adapt to and manage the impacts of climate change. The two also discussed green cities and air pollution.
Nordic Expertise to Boost Geothermal Development in East Africa Event
Alex Mulisa and Rehema Namutebi attended a presentation of efforts to combat climate change in East Africa through the Geothermal Exploration Project. The EUR 10 million project covers the 13 East African Rift Valley countries. As part of the project, a plan to establish a Geothermal Centre of Excellence will be introduced. The work the project is doing in Rwanda was also profiled at the event.
Meeting with the Green Climate Fund
DG Mukankomeje, Alex Mulisa and Rehema Namutebi met with Stephanie Kwan (Accredited Entities Specialist) and Clifford Polycarp (Country Operations Dialogue Manager) from the Green Climate Fund to discuss the recent Ministry funding proposal, enhanced direct access for Rwanda’s Green Fund (FONERWA) and plans for the expansion of private sector investment mechanisms.
DG Mukankomeje and Alex Mulisa also got their GCF Passport, that confirms the holder as a citizen of the world who cares about the planet and is committed to a low carbon lifestyle.
Climate Finance Access Hub
Alex Mulisa and Rehema Namutebi attended the Commonwealth Secretariat and the Government of Mauritius hosted event on the Climate Finance Access Hub.
Today’s Major Events
9:30-11:30: Waste Management Coalition Initiative (Morocco Pavilion, Blue Zone)
DG Mukankomeje will lead Rwanda’s delegation to this event where she will speak about Rwanda’s waste reduction efforts including banning plastic bags and Umuganda. The event takes place at the Morocco Pavilion in the Blue Zone. Agenda attached.
12:00-12:30: Bilateral Meeting with China (China Pavilion)
12:00-12:30: Joint Meeting with with UNFCCC team and AfDB. DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye will meet with the UNFCCC and AfDB teams to discuss preparation of the Africa Carbon Forum, which will be hosted by Rwanda in April 2016.
14:00-14:30: Meeting with Global Green Growth Institute
16:00-18:00: AfDB Side Event on Private Sector & Climate Resilience (Africa Pavilion, Room 2). Green Fund Coordinator Alex Mulisa will speak on this panel.
18:30-20:00: The Green Climate Fund: ‘Looking Beyond Paris’ (Hall 4, Room 10). This side event will discuss the future direction of the Fund after the Paris Conference of the Parties (COP 21). The panel will feature Henrik Harboe and Gabriel Quijandria, outgoing Co-Chairs of the Board, alongside Zaheer Fakir and Ewan McDonald, the incoming Co-Chairs, and Héla Cheikhrouhou, GCF’s Executive Director. The discussion will be moderated by OXFAM.
- Germany strengthens international fund for adaptation to climate change with an additional 50 million euros http://www.bmub.bund.de/en/press/press-releases/detailansicht-en/artikel/germany-strengthens-international-fund-for-adaptation-to-climate-change/
- Statements made during High Level Segment at COP 21 / CMP 11 http://unfccc.int/meetings/paris_nov_2015/items/9345.php
- Negotiation Updates COP 21/CMP 11 for 9 December 2015http://unfccc.int/meetings/paris_nov_2015/in-session/items/9320.php
- First fall in CO₂ emissions during a period of global economic growth http://www.cop21.gouv.fr/en/first-fall-in-co₂-emissions-during-a-period-of-global-economic-growth
- Photos of the Paris Climate Conference – COP21 – https://www.flickr.com/photos/cop21/
Negotiation Next Steps
13:00-13:30: Paris Committee Meeting (Negotiations). Prochaine étape : mercredi 9 décembre à 13h – http://www.cop21.gouv.fr/prochaine-etape-mercredi-9-decembre-a-13h.
17:00-19:00: Paris Committee Meeting (Negotiations). Thursday 10 December: The agreement must be concluded in order to carry out the final legal verifications and to translate it into the six official UN languages (English, French, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish).
Friday 11 December: Adoption of the agreement in the plenary session at 6pm. Please see attached an update on negotiations from the Africa Group.
Photos – Day 9
Above: Alex Mulisa with his Green Climate Fund passport.
Above: DG Mukankomeje signs up to get a Green Climate Fund passport.
Above: DG Mukankomeje with her Green Climate Fund passport.
Above: DG Mukankomeje represents Rwanda at the opening of Africa Day at the Paris climate talks.
Above: The Green Climate Fund passport and its objectives.
Rwanda at the Paris Climate Talks – Day 9
- The New Times reports that the Global Green Growth Institute’s partnership with Rwanda will contribute to the livelihoods of citizens through the green economy.
- EnviroNews writes that Rwanda’s Natural Resources Minister has shared a national statement with international delegates at COP21, where he emphasised that climate action is not about sacrificing economic growth, but to sustain the development for the next generations.
- Business Green writes that the EU has promised to contribute €475m to the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of countries by 2020.
- Public Finance International reports that the United Kingdom and the United States of America are working together to support Africa’s ambition of promoting renewable energy.
- France 24 publishes a story that nuclear energies have not yet found a good spot to address their issues at COP21.
Green growth institute backs Rwanda green economy agenda (The New Times – 8 December 2015) — The government has signed an agreement with the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) under which the latter will support the country’s efforts to build a green and sustainable economy.The signing took place last week at the international conference on climate change in Paris, France.The partnership with GGGI will contribute toward Rwanda’s development and improve the livelihoods of citizens by fostering sustainable economic growth. Read More at http://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/article/2015-12-08/195096/.
Negotiators push to keep global warming below 2 degree Celcius (The New Times – 9 December 2015) — Negotiators from the African continent and V20 – a group of the most vulnerable countries to climate change effects – want to keep global temperatures around 5oC. El-Hassan Nagmeldin Gouthi, the chairperson of African Group of Negotiators on climate change (AGN), said keeping global warming below 1.5 degree Celsius is another strong point for African countries as it is most vulnerable to climate change effects. Read More at http://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/article/2015-12-09/195129/.
Rwanda’s National Statement delivered by Dr Vincent Biruta Minister of Natural Resources (EnviroNews – 8 December 2015) – Mr President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen. Climate change is a global problem that affects us all, and we have to deal with it together.The world has overcome other serious challenges by applying technology and scientific knowledge. Slowing climate change and adapting to it should be no different.Indeed, continued progress in research and development may mean we do not have to choose between prosperity and environmental sustainability.The key to making this a reality is increasing funding to develop more productive and efficient renewable energy technologies.The many clean energy investment commitments made here in Paris send a strong signal that the time for energy transformation is now. Read More at http://environews.rw/2015/12/08/statement-by-dr-vincent-biruta-at-un-climate-change-conference-cop21cmp11/.
Geoengineering Is Too Risky, Scientists Warn Paris COP21 Negotiators (Alternet – 8 December 2015) — The World Resources Institute, a nonprofit, analyzed the national climate pledges for Climate Central. It found that a handful of countries, including oil exporters and China, discuss or propose the use of carbon capture technology to help meet their pollution-reduction goals, though none referred directly to “negative emissions” goals. (Rwanda’s pledge states that it’s already a “negative emissions” nation.) Read More at http://www.alternet.org/environment/geoengineering-too-risky-scientists-warn-paris-cop21-negotiators.
Cameron’s climate rhetoric is meaningless in the face of Osborne’s anti-environmental policies, say Friends of the Earth (The National – 7 December 2015) — Meanwhile, the Scottish Government are to invest an extra £12m into the Scottish Government’s Climate Justice Fund. Nicola Sturgeon will announce the funding during a speech in Paris. The fund currently supports 11 projects in Malawi, Tanzania, Rwanda and Zambia, During the speech the First Minister is expected to say Scotland backs calls “for an ambitious agreement” that “is capable of limiting temperature increases to below two degrees Celsius.” Read More at http://www.thenational.scot/news/camerons-climate-rhetoric-is-meaningless-in-the-face-of-osbornes-anti-environmental-policies-say-friends-of-the-earth.10886.
From across Africa
Africa hangs its agricultural transformation agenda on COP21’s outcome (IPS – 8 December 2015) — A famous saying goes: To whom much is given, much is expected. This is the message that the African Development Bank (AfDB) is carrying and delivering for, and on behalf of Africa at the global conference on climate change, COP21, which opened Monday, 30th November.“All fingers are not equal. Those who pollute more should do more in saving our planet,” said AfDB President, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, who is leading his bank’s team at the climate change conference in Paris.Adesina, a former Minister of Agriculture in Nigeria, knows what climate change has done and what its implications are for Africa’s agricultural development if nothing is done to halt global warming. Read More at http://www.ipsnews.net/2015/12/africa-hangs-its-agricultural-transformation-agenda-on-cop-21s-outcome/>
COP21 – Africa cannot afford to be complacent (Youth Independent – 8 December 2015) – The COP21 meeting in Paris has been going on for more than a week now, but unlike the 2009 climate talks in Copenhagen, the news filtering from this meeting has a note of optimism about it, even if agreements on finances are slow. What is marking out these talks is the fact that both developed and developing nations are pledging to do all they can to stem the rise of temperatures, which will have a disastrous effect on the world.Just before the COP21 discussions took place, the French president, François Hollande pledged a sum of 2 billion euros to Africa in 2020 to develop renewable energies. At the meeting, developed nations have pledged 10 billion Euros, which are “the necessary cost to provide 10 gigawatts of new capacities of green energy in 2030.” Emerging countries like China have pledged to set aside $3.1 billion to help developing countries fight climate change. Read More at http://youthindependent.com/cop21-africa-cannot-afford-complacent/.
From around the World
COP21 Live Blog: Day 9 (ZME Science – 8 December 2015) — We would like to see a goal of 100% renewable energy by 2050, and a full phase out of fossil fuel emissions. We would also like to see a carbon budget and a more equitable means of dividing that. Instead, we’re seeing talks of a carbon budget. Global warming must not exceed 1.5 degrees C — this is a crucial threshold for the coral reef, amazon and oceans. We think that countries are going to land on the temperature target. Read More at http://www.zmescience.com/ecology/climate/cop-21-live-blog-043232/.
COP-21 Roundup: Dec. 8 – Day 9 (Carbon Pulse – 8 December 2015) — 2009 CET – CLIMATE NEUTRAL AIRPORTS: The UNFCCC and the Airports Council International (ACI) announced an agreement to cut emissions at airports and work towards achieving carbon neutrality. Reductions will be made through use of energy-efficient lighting, cooling and heating systems, solar energy, climate-friendly ground transportation and a wide range of other measures. ACI will support the UNFCCC’s Climate Neutral Now initiative, while the UNFCCC secretariat will support an airport carbon accreditation programme, through which more and more airports will measure, report and reduce their emissions. Read More at http://carbon-pulse.com/13021/.
COP21: Ban tells private sector ‘how we do business today will determine if we can do business in the future’ (UN News Centre – 8 December 2015) — Speaking at the United Nations climate change conference (COP21) today, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told a room full of business leaders that the global gathering will serve to share progress made in important areas and to establish even greater ambition for the future.“The collective momentum among the private sector for climate action is growing daily,” said Mr. Ban alongside the United States Secretary of States, John Kerry, and the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Laurent Fabius, at a high-level meeting of the UN Global Compact’s Caring for Business Forum. Read More at http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=52756#.VmdTveKNCk8>
Nuclear energy struggles to find its voice at COP21 conference (France 24 – 8 December 2015) — The huge French pavilion that was built for the COP 21 climate conference includes over a dozen spacious stands showcasing France’s leadership in various fields of science, technology, education and ecology. But nowhere does the pavilion mention nuclear energy, completely dismissing this key French sector from the country’s energy landscape.Conference participants curious about nuclear power will also find it difficult to find any information on the subject, from either groups who oppose atomic energy or those who defend it. Read More at http://www.france24.com/en/20151208-cop21-france-nuclear-energy-struggles.
Watching Greenland melt from Paris (CNN – 8 December 2015) — Olafur Eliasson, an Icelandic-Danish artist who lassoed and transported tons of ice from Greenland to Paris for a new climate change-inspired exhibit, bets you haven’t.”The truth is the ice is amazing. It’s so touching to look at,” he told me, standing in front of 12 hunks of Greenland that glittered blue-white in front of the Pantheon in Paris. The ice blocks — totaling nearly 100 tons, he told me — are arranged in the shape of a clock. You can see streaks of air and tiny bubbles in the ice. Put your ear to it, as I did at Eliasson’s suggestion, and you hear a faint crackling sound. “It’s a little concert,” he said. “It’s a little ice concert.” Read More at http://edition.cnn.com/2015/12/08/opinions/sutter-ice-watch-cop21-two-degrees/index.html.
Private investment buffers COP21 money battles (GreenBiz – 8 December 2015) — The UN climate convention that year in Copenhagen ended with no agreement but instead a virtual fistfight over who would pay for greenhouse gas mitigation and clean energy in Third World countries which are not responsible for today’s climate problems.This year, in the months leading up to COP21, hundreds of billions of dollars have been committed from business and governments alike to finance clean energy innovations and carbon mitigation, creating some optimism that the world just might, after all, pursue a plan to stem climate change. Read More at http://www.greenbiz.com/article/private-investment-buffers-cop21-money-battles.
COP21 Q&A: Where do we all stand now? (The Irish Times – 8 December 2015) — COP21: What are the sticking points? The text has been reduced to 48 pages, and ministers from almost 200 countries have been working on it for two days now with the hope of reaching agreement by Friday. There’s a lot of sculpting still to be done – and it’s like working with very hard marble. The French presidency of COP21 has shown impressive skill in ensuring that the talks remain disciplined and focused and that they stick to the timetable. The biggest crunch issue is the level at which global temperature rises should be limited. However, like every other issue this cannot be looked at in isolation. Even if a target is agreed, action must take place to ensure it’s delivered. Read More at http://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/cop21-q-a-where-do-we-all-stand-now-1.2459075.
GoR Environment & Natural Resources Sector News
Rwanda Delegation Update – Day 8 Recap | 7 December 2015 (Green Fund website – 8 December 2015) — The delegation was led by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje. The main events were opening of the High Level Segment, which was attended by Minister Biruta and DG Mukankomeje, the Launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report at which Minister Biruta spoke, the delivery of Rwanda’s National Statement and the Launch of the GGGI Inclusive Green Growth Partnership. Read More at http://www.fonerwa.org/news/2015/12/8/rwanda-at-the-paris-climate-talks-day-8-update.
Remarks by Minister Vincent Biruta, Minister of Natural Resources. Launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report (Green Fund website – 8 December 2015) — Excellencies,Ladies and Gentlemen,I am delighted to be here at the launch of the 1 Gigaton Coalition Report. I would like to begin by thanking the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the United Nations Environment Programme and all the coalition partners for their hard work in preparing this important report.Climate change poses a complex challenge. In trying to solve this challenge, it’s tempting to look for a silver bullet solution. But complex problems require multi-faceted solutions and the report we are launching here today represents an important part of the overall climate action strategy. Read More at http://www.fonerwa.org/news/2015/12/8/remarks-by-dr-vincent-biruta-at-the-launch-of-the-1-gigaton-coalition-report.
Rwanda shares its experience in putting the environment at the heart of development (REMA website – 7 December 2015) — Rwanda’s delegation at the ongoing COP21 climate talks in Paris, led by the Minister of Natural Resources, has shared how the country’s success in conservation and green growth is thanks to policies that put the environment at the heart of development.Minister Biruta shared Rwanda’s sustainable development progress at an event hosted by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) during the UN conference. The event brought together over 500 participants for a discussion on how to create low-emission and climate-resilient projects that can be supported by the global Fund. Read More at http://rema.gov.rw/index.php?id=10&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=336&cHash=9157de6bef865f0490bb01b3eaeae7f6.
Rwanda Delegation Update – 9 December 2015
The delegation on Tuesday was led by DG Mukankomeje. Below are the main events and meetings attended and a short summary of the discussion and outcomes.
Waste Management Coalition Initiative at the Morocco Pavilion
DG Mukankomeje spoke on the panel about Rwanda’s waste reduction efforts including banning plastic bags and Umuganda. The new Waste Management Coalition Initiative initiative aims to give value to waste through recycling, green jobs and the reuse of waste to create products that better the environment. The panel also spoke about how rubbish dumps are emitting large amounts of green house gases and that managing them better will help to mitigate climate change.
DG Mukankomeje shared Rwanda’s experience and the role of the environment in building a green economy. She spoke about how important is is to bring in all stakeholders. Gareth Phillips from the African Development bank had this to say:
The new Waste Management Coalition Initiative wants ‘south-south’ cooperation, especially with the private sector in Rwanda to share experiences and knowledge.
Bilateral Meeting with China
China has launched the South-South Cooperation Fund on Climate Change. Alex Mulisa met with members of their delegation and talked about the potential of in-kind funding through technology transfer – mini-grids, biogas and cookstoves. If confirmed, they will bring additional funding for capacity building to support dissemination and uptake of these solutions. The meeting focused on the expansion of access to energy for rural communities. The Ministry has been requested to to write to the fund requesting for support.
Joint Meeting with with UNFCCC team and AfDB
DG Mukankomeje and Faustin Munyazikwiye met with the UNFCCC and AfDB teams to discuss preparation of the Africa Carbon Forum, which will be hosted by Rwanda from 20-22 April 2016. The forum will bring all national designated authorities under the Clean Development Mechanism along with the UNFCCC, UNEP Technology Development Unit, UNIDO and UN agencies involved in technology transfer. The World Bank and AfDB will also join. 500-600 people are expected to attend, with sessions focusing on technical matters, technology and fiance and implementation. Rwanda will soon sign a Memorandum of Understanding with UNFCCC and preparations will follow.
Meeting with Global Green Growth Institute Director General
Alex met with the Director General Yvo de Boer and discussed expanding the portfolio of Rwanda’s Green Fund (FONERWA). The meeting focused on the scope of the new partnership and the plan to develop a business plan for the fund, which will map out the areas of expansion. The Mr de Boer pledged his ongoing support and would like to see an ambitious business plan when he comes to Rwanda for policy level discussions.
Meeting with CEO of Beya Capital Carbon Finance
DG Mukankomeje met with the CEO of Beya Capital to see how they can leverage finance for renewable energy projects in Rwanda
AfDB Side Event on Private Sector & Renewables
Green Fund Coordinator Alex Mulisa spoke on this panel, emphasising that renewables are one of the best solutions to connect citizens to power because grid connection is very low. He said that solar based renewables, e.g. off-grid and mini-grid solutions, present a good option for boosting access to power. To achieve this, governments must create an enabling environment to attract private sector engagement. He said that with or without an agreement in Paris, Rwanda will continue to put the environment at the heart of its development and pursue its green growth strategy.
Today’s Major Events – 10 December 2015
10:00-11:30: AfDB side event on climate finance readiness (Africa Pavilion, Room 1)
- At this event, DG Mukankomeje will join a panel to discuss the readiness of African countries to receive funding to mitigate emissions and build climate resilience.
13:00-13:30: Bilateral Meeting with Dr Barbara Hendricks, German Minister for the Environment
- DG Mukankomeje will lead the delegation to meet Minister Hendricks. This is a follow up to the meeting that was scheduled to take place in Rwanda between the Rwanda and German Ministers of Environment.
17:00-18:00: Extraordinary High-Level Meeting of the Climate Vulnerable Forum
- The meeting serves to coordinate on final advocacy for the Paris outcome on the top CVF priorities, including: Long-Term Goals, Ambition Mechanism, Financing, Loss & Damage and Human Rights in reaction to the latest state of the draft texts and communications of other parties/groups.
18:30-19:00: Awarding of Mobisol Rwanda
- Mobisol Rwanda will receive an award as one of the six lighthouse activities selected under the ICT solutions focus area.
TBC: Meeting with United Nations Environment Programme/Technical University of Denmark
- The delegation will meet with the UNEP to discuss the opportunities for the UNEP to support the implementation of Rwanda’s climate action plan.
TBC: Meeting with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network
- The COP21 President has welcomed all comments by groups and parties in the last night’s stocktaking and requested facilitators to resume Indaba meetings immediately after stocktaking which we concluded around 23h30. In addition to Indaba meetings, the COP21 president requested ministers to start engaging on crosscutting issues including differentiation, finance and ambition. He promised to avail the next version of the text today at 12h00.
- Thursday 10 December: The agreement must be concluded in order to carry out the final legal verifications and to translate it into the six official UN languages (English, French, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish).
- Friday 11 December: Adoption of the agreement in the plenary session at 6pm.
Photos – Day 10
Above: Director General Dr Rose Mukankomeje speaking on a panel at the Waste Management Coalition Initiative event at the Morocco Pavilion at COP21.
Above: Director General Rose Mukankomeje meets with representatives from the AfDB and UNFCCC to discuss preparation of the Africa Carbon Forum, which will be hosted by Rwanda in April 2016.
Above: Coordinator of Rwanda’s Green Fund, Alex Mulisa, meets with representatives from the Chinese delegation at the Paris Climate Talks to discuss bilateral support.
Above: Director General Dr Rose Mukankomeje with members of the panel at the Waste Management Coalition Initiative event, including Morocco’s Minister of Environment, at the Morocco Pavilion at COP21.
Above: Coordinator of Rwanda’s Green Fund, Alex Mulisa, speaks at the AfDB Side Event on Private Sector & Renewables.
Above: The panel at the AfDB Side Event on Private Sector & Renewables at COP21.
Above: Alex Mulisa at the AfDB Side Event on Private Sector & Renewables
More photos can be viewed here.
Rwanda at the Paris Climate Talks – 10 December 2015
- Xinhua reports that Rwanda has called for increased investment to tackle climate change.
- The Rwanda Eye reports that Rwanda wants COP21 to set a strict global temperature rate.
- CNN writes that the COP21 matters to Africa because it will provide solutions to issues such as food security, urbanisation and health.
- EcoWatch shares seven ways that the results from the COP21 will impact our everyday lives.
- The UN News Centre reports that today a draft agreement about temperature rise to 2C or less has been reached.
- REMA publishes a story that Rwanda is calling for further investment in renewable energy to conserve the environment and
- Watch France 24’s discussion with Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, Chairperson of the African Union Commission, as she talks about the crucial role the COP21 will play in Africa’s future.
Rwanda calls for more investment to tackle climate change (Xinhua – 9 December 2015) — Rwanda has called for increased investment in technology and scientific knowledge in the face of climate change. In a statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, known as COP21 on Wednesday, Rwanda’s Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta noted that the world has overcome other serious challenges by applying technology and scientific knowledge. “Slowing climate change and adapting to it should be no different,” Minister Biruta said while delivering the Rwanda Government statement. Read More
Rwanda wants COP21 to fix strict global temperature rate (Rwanda Eye – 9 December 2015) — Rwanda has called for increased investment in technology and scientific knowledge to slow climate change and help nations adapt to a warming planet.The call was made during the delivery of Rwanda’s National Statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, known as COP21.“The world has overcome other serious challenges by applying technology and scientific knowledge. Slowing climate change and adapting to it should be no different,” Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta said while delivering the National Statement on behalf of the Government of Rwanda. Read More
U Rwanda rurasaba amahanga gushyira imbaraga mu ikoranabuhanga n’ingufu ziva ku masoko adakama (EnviroNews – 9 December 2015) — U Rwanda rwahamagariye amahanga gushyira imbaraga mu ikoranabuhanga n’ubumenyi mu rwego rwo gukumira imihindagurikire y’ibihe no gufasha ibihugu kudahungabanywa n’ubwiyongere bw’ ubushyuhe ku isi. Ibi byatangajwe ubwo hatangwaga Ubutumwa u Rwanda rwageneye abitabiriye Inama y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ku Mihindagurikire y’Ibihe ibera i Parisi, izwi nka COP21. Read More
Beijing: “Red Alert” ubuzima bwahagaze bitewe n’ihumana rikabije ry’ikirere (EnviroNews – 9 December 2015) — Ni ubwa mbere abategetsi b’iki gihugu bakoze ibishoboka byose ngo batabare hakiri kare iki kibazo, dore ko bashyizeho ibyemezo bidasanzwe byo guhangana n’iki kibazo mu gihe cy’iminsi itatu. Aho abanyeshuri bo muri beijing bashyizwe mu kiruhuko ku gahato, inganda n’ibigo byobereza imyuka mu kirere nabyo byategetswe gufungwa cyangwa se bikagabanya iyo myuka nibura ku kigero cya 30 kw’ijana. Read More
Leta y’u Rwanda isaba abari muri COP21 guha agaciro ibyagabanya ukwiyongera k’ubushyuhe (Igihe – 9 December 2015) — Minisitiri w’umutungo kamere mu Rwanda, Dr Vincent Biruta yasabye ibihugu byitabirie inama ya COP21 i Paris mu Bufaransa, gukanguka bigasinya amasezerano yo guhagarika ubwiyongere bw’ubushyuhe bukomeje kwiyongera ku rugero rudasanzwe no kubangamira iterambere ry’ibihugu bikennye.Minisitiri Biruta yavuze ko nyuma y’ayo masezerano ibihugu byose bikwiriye kwihutira gushyira mu bikorwa gahunda zinyuranye zifasha mu kubungabunga ibidukikije. Read More
From across Africa
Why the Paris climate summit matters to Africa (CNN – 9 December 2015) — Senior politicians from around the world have congregated in Paris this week to thrash out details of a global climate agreement at the 21st Conference of the Parties — or COP21.African negotiators hope for a deal that commits industrialized countries to limiting their carbon emissions and preventing catastrophic global warming, and which makes resources available for those countries already on the frontline of climate change. Read More.
How climate change issues may affect the macroeconomic outlook (BD Live – 9 December 2015) — PARIS is hosting the 21st meeting of the United Nations’ Conference of the Parties (COP21), where global governments are gathered to set a binding agreement that maps out the process for global greenhouse gas emissions management from 2020 onwards. Much is at stake, from geopolitics to the costs of managing the biophysical impacts of a changing climate.Nasa has shown that 97% of climate scientists agree that global warming has very likely been caused by human activities. Yet, some members of the investment community still debate whether the continued burning of fossil fuels is safe for long-term, stable economic growth. We believe we should defer to the climate experts and assess the associated long-term risks and rewards in order to achieve an appropriate risk-adjusted return on capital. Read More.
Climate change: What’s at stake for African countries? – COP21 (France 24 YouTube Channel – 9 December 2015) — FRANCE 24 brings you a special debate from the COP21 climate conference in Paris on what’s at stake for the African continent in the fight against global warming. Our guests discuss the challenge of limiting carbon emissions while promoting access to renewable energies. (Watch Part 1 & Part 2).
From Around The World
Re-COP – Day 10 at the Paris COP21 summit on climate change (BirdLife International – 9 December 2015) — The Committee of Paris is first delayed, then meets only briefly at COP21 – a new draft text is trailed by COP21 President, Laurent Fabius. It is significantly shorter than the version released on Saturday we’re told, down to 29 pages with 75% of the bracketed text removed. The Committee will meet back at 8pm tonight to discuss. As for the content, the text is being handed out in the plenary room, with a copy now online here. (Read More)
COP21 Live Blog: Day 10 (ZME Science – 9 December 2015) — Pacific leaders urged delegates from around 196 Parties of the UNFCCC, to have “an ambitious and legally binding agreement that will address issues that are necessary” for the survival of Pacific isla“The ocean is the heart of the Pacific. We rely on the ocean for food, livelihoods, culture, recreation and transport. Our economies are largely based on the ocean and its resources.“The ocean and climate are inextricably linked. By changing the climate you will irrevocably change the ocean and change our lives,” Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum, Dame Meg Taylor. Read More.
COP-21 Roundup: Dec. 9 – Day 10 (Carbon Pulse – 9 December 2015) — It’s crunch time in Paris as negotiators will get a new text this afternoon that will form the basis of the last few days of the climate talks. Carbon Pulse continues to post updates from COP21 as they develop.1515 CET – FABIUS DELIVERS NEW, ‘CLEAN’ PARIS TEXT: Paris COP President Laurent Fabius flagged the delivery of his new working text, cutting the page length down to 29 pages from the previous 43. He said the amount of square bracketed points to signal disagreement were cut down by three-quarters. Read More.
COP21 appears headed for climate deal. But how strong? (Al Jazeera – 9 December 2015) — Three days and counting to the official end of negotiations and the climate talks appear to be ahead of the game.Since Saturday’s release of the newly honed draft text, progress has been made. But significant challenges remain.On Tuesday Laurent Fabius, the French foreign minister and president of COP21, announced he would release the latest version of the text on Wednesday.This will form the basis of the ongoing negotiations.What to expect from COP21And that’s pertinent because so far Fabius has met every one of his deadlines set to expedite this usually laborious process of indecision and inaction. Read More.
COP21: efforts advance on reaching climate change agreement, says top UN official (UN News Centre – 9 December 2015) — A new stage in the development of a final agreement on climate change to limit global temperature rise to below two degrees Celsius or less has been reached today, according to the United Nations Assistant Secretary-General on Climate Change.“All the delegations have received the documents, they’re reading them, they will be discussing the paper in their groups, and then there will be feedback provided to a new plenary organized this evening,” said Janos Pasztor in an interview with the UN News Service on the sidelines of the United Nations climate change conference (COP21). Read More.
COP21: Draft text of climate deal released to 200 nations (Belfast Telegraph – 9 December 2015) — here are three options for holding the increase in global average temperatures – to below 2C; to hold “well below” 2C and scale up efforts to limit temperature increase to below 1.5 °C, or hold them below 1.5C.On the long term goal of decarbonising the global economy, the draft text presents two very different options – one suggests reducing emissions between 40pc-70pc by 2050, or by 70pc-95pc in the same period. It also calls for a reduction to zero emissions “by the end” or “by the middle” of the century. Read More.
COP21: France to deliver revised draft of global climate pact (DW – 9 December 2015) — A streamlined draft of a new global climate deal is due to be presented in Paris. Negotiators at the UN’s COP21 talks have until the end of the week to seal a deal aimed to avert the worst consequences of climate change. Presiding over the conference, Fabius said that what would be the next step towards a final agreement should be agreed upon by 1pm Paris time (1200 UTC). The new draft was expected to be shorter than the previous one, reflecting progress made during the past few days of negotiations and leaving two days for ministers to work out the most difficult issues ahead of Friday’s deadline. Read More.
John Kerry pledges new support to vulnerable countries at COP21 (EcoWatch – 9 December 2015) — This afternoon at the COP21 negotiations at Le Bourget in Paris, Sec. of State John Kerry addressed the conference. Sec. Kerry announced he would double the U.S. commitment to support efforts in nations and communities to more than $800 million.Sec. Kerry’s important announcement is another example of American leadership helping bring nations around the world together to tackle the climate crisis. Read More.
COP21: ‘Fireworks’ expected as new climate text published (BBC – 9 December 2015) — A critical “clean” draft text has been published at UN climate talks here in Paris after delays.This new version, 29 pages long, marks the first time the French presidency of the meeting has pulled together an outline of a deal.The new draft has significantly reduced the options on many of the key questions after days of negotiations.One observer warned that there could be “fireworks” if countries are unhappy with the compromises proposed. Read More.
COP21 is giving sustainability a sporting chance (GreenBiz – 9 December 2015) — How can sports inspire a global movement to tackle climate change? That was the focus of Monday’s Sustainable Innovation in Sports symposium in Paris, a half-day event that was part of COP21.Hopes are high for a deal that would reduce emissions in line with a global level of 2-degree Celsius, but nothing is certain as the clock ticks towards COP21’s Friday finish. One thing the event demonstrated for certain: If a deal is made, the capability of sports to bring people together will play a key role in rallying public support.I was fortunate to experience the inspirational power of sports twice in the past 48 hours, in two different ways. Read More.
7 ways the outcome of Paris Climate Talks will impact your day-to-day life (EcoWatch – 9 December 2015) — You might be thinking that the UN Paris climate talks, going on now through Dec. 11 will have little bearing on your day-to-day life, but these global climate negotiations are different. The outcome of this conference—what many believe is our last best hope of achieving the binding international agreement we urgently need—will impact you personally, along with billions of people around the world. Here’s why. Read More.
COP21 – Highlight on “The Global Water Project”, a solar powered machine producing drinkable water (France 24 YouTube Channel – 9 December 2015) — 5 French students have swapped their pen and paper for a solar powered machine that produces drinkable water. The group of friends came up with the idea after a devastating earthquake struck Haiti in 2010. Watch Here.
GoR Environment & Natural Resources Sector News
Rwanda urges investment in new technologies and renewable energy to overcome climate change and attain prosperity (REMA website – Tuesday 8 December 2015) — Rwanda has called for increased investment in technology and scientific knowledge to slow climate change and help nations adapt to a warming planet. The call was made during the delivery of Rwanda’s National Statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, known as COP21.“The world has overcome other serious challenges by applying technology and scientific knowledge. Slowing climate change and adapting to it should be no different,” Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta said while delivering the National Statement on behalf of the Government of Rwanda. Read More
Rwanda’s delegation at the COP21 has signed up for a Green Climate Fund passport (MINIRENA Flickr – 9 December 2015) — View Photos Here.
Rwanda Delegation Update – 10 December 2015
The delegation on Thursday was led by DG Mukankomeje. Below are the main events and meetings attended and a short summary of the discussion and outcomes.
AfDB side event on climate finance readiness
At this event, DG Mukankomeje joined a panel to discuss the readiness of African countries to receive funding to mitigate emissions and build climate resilience. The DG said that readiness equals direct access to climate financing, especially the Green Climate Fund. She said that to be ready to achieve direct access, “the burden is on us Africans. We need to sit at our desks & work hard”. She also said that as Africa grows, its impossible to separate adaptation and mitigation from development.
Bilateral Meeting with Ulrike Höfken, Minister of Environment, Agriculture, Food, Viniculture and Forestry, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Rwanda has a longstanding partnership Rheinland-Pflaz and DG Mukankomeje, Alex Mulisa and Rehema Namutebi met with the state’s Minister of Environment to discuss developments since her last visit to Rwanda. The discussion centred on the environmental museum in Kibuye and how this could become a more experiential place of learning, the work being done in Germany as part of their energy transformation (especially in off-grid, decentralised energy systems) and air pollution. Alex Mulisa also presented Rwanda’s Green Fund. Minister Höfken committed to strengthening the partnership with Rwanda in these areas.
Meeting with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)
Coordinator of the Green Fund (FONERWA), Alex Mulisa, met with Carl Wesselink, Regional Director of CDKN Africa. They discussed streamlining the partnership and ways to boost the support provided by CDKN. Alex also met with Climate Kos to review the work done over the last few months and plan for the next phase of the CDKN partnership and their future interventions.
Awarding of Mobisol Rwanda with Momentum of Change Lighthouse award
Mobisol Rwanda received an award as one of the sixteen lighthouse activities of the Momentum of Change initiative. The award was given under the ICT solutions focus area and was received by CEO Thomas Gottschalk, beneficiary Jean Paul Ibambe and Head of Business Development Thomas Duveau. The event was attended by close to 1,000 people including Ban Ki-moon and Ségolène Royal. Sean Paul also performed at the event.
Meeting with UNESCO
DG Mukankomeje met with Noeline Raondry Ratoroarisoa from UNESCO in Paris to discuss the possibility of bringing Mukura Gishwati National Park into UNESCO’s Biosphere Reserve Programme. This programme is focused on people and environment and how both can be supported for development and conservation.
Today’s Major Events – 10 December 2015
As today is likely to be the last or second last day to reach an agreement, the Rwanda delegation is focused on the negotiations. Follow @RwandaResources for updates.
- Please find here and attached the second and latest agreement.
- It is likely that the talks will continue tomorrow (Sat) until a final agreement is reached.
- Watch Rwanda’s lead negotiator, Faustin Munyazikwiye, give an update in Kinyarwanda here and English here.
Photos – Day 11
DG Mukankomeje with Ulrike Höfken, Minister of Environment, Agri, Food, Viniculture and Forestry, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
DG Mukankomeje with Noeline Raondry Ratoroarisoa from UNESCO in Paris.
DG Mukankomeje on a panel at the Africa Pavilion discussing the continent’s climate finance readiness.
The panel at the AfDB side event on climate finance readiness.
Mobisol Rwanda is awarded a UN Momentum for Change lighthouse activity award at the UN Climate Talks in Paris.
More photos can be viewed here.
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – December 11
- The Government of Rwanda reports that Rwanda has urged nations to invest in technological and scientific knowledge that promotes climate action and limit global warming.
- View photos of Mobisol Rwanda receiving a UN Momentum for Change lighthouse award.
- The BBC reports the negotiations are likely to continue into Saturday as nations still need to reach agreement on key issues.
- The Independent writes that African nations are pleading for further action on climate change at the COP21, despite an issue that was mainly by developed countries.
- The Green Climate Fund is looking far beyond the COP21, whereas it has discussed about future climate policies at its event in Paris Climate Talks.
- The Financial Times reports that the Paris Climate Talks are approaching the end, as nations are requested to set policies that will be reviewed after 5 years to test if pacts are being followed.
Rwanda urges investment in new technologies and renewable energy to overcome climate change and attain prosperity (Republic of Rwanda website – Thursday 10) — Rwanda has called for increased investment in technology and scientific knowledge to slow climate change and help nations adapt to a warming planet. The call was made during the delivery of Rwanda’s National Statement at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, known as COP21.“The world has overcome other serious challenges by applying technology and scientific knowledge. Slowing climate change and adapting to it should be no different,” Minister of Natural Resources, Dr Vincent Biruta said while delivering the National Statement on behalf of the Government of Rwanda.Minister Biruta also highlighted the need for countries to shift to renewable energy in order to achieve prosperity and ensure environmental sustainability. Read More
Rwanda shares its experience in putting the environment at the heart of development (Republic of Rwanda website – Wednesday 9 December 2015) — Rwanda’s delegation at the ongoing COP21 climate talks in Paris, led by the Minister of Natural Resources, has shared how the country’s success in conservation and green growth is thanks to policies that put the environment at the heart of development.Minister Biruta shared Rwanda’s sustainable development progress at an event hosted by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) during the UN conference. The event brought together over 500 participants for a discussion on how to create low-emission and climate-resilient projects that can be supported by the global Fund. Read More
AfDB Event on Climate Financing in Africa & Bilateral Meeting with Ulrike Höfken, Minister of Environment, Agri, Food, Viniculture and Forestry, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (MINIRENA Flickr – 10 December 2015) — View Photos here and here
Mobisol Rwanda Wins UN Momentum for Change Award (MINIRENA Flickr – 10 December 2015) — View Photos here
From across Africa
COP 21: Five ways climate change could affect Africa (BBC – 11 December 2015) — As the UN climate change summit in Paris enters its final scheduled day, delegates from 196 countries are desperately trying to hammer out a deal, which could fundamentally alter the future of the planet. Fifty-four African nations have adopted a unified position, calling for an agreement to limit warming to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels by the end of this century. Read More
COP21: African campaigners demand compensation for effects of global warming (The Independent – Wednesday 9 December 2015) — African campaigners are demanding compensation for the huge damage being inflicted on the continent by global warming – a problem that has been caused by the rich countries but will hit poor nations the hardest.As the United Nations summit to tackle climate change nears its conclusion, African politicians and NGOs are calling for the developed world to provide cash to help them deal with the consequences of a warming planet. Read More
From around the World
COP21: Climate deal due Saturday after more all-night talks (BBC – 11 December 2015) — Negotiators at the Paris climate summit aim to wrap up a global agreement to curb global warming on Saturday – a day later than expected, hosts France said. Read More
COP21 Live updates and recent developments from COP21, in Paris — Day 11 (ZME Science – 10 December 2015) — ‘The fundamental issue between the parties now is about differentiation. Who pays, who benefits in terms of finance is the key question. There are those parties that think develop countries need to lead in the provision of climate financing. On the other hand, there are those who think we’re living in a changing world and developing countries need to contribute as well. That’s the big difference which has underpinned negotiations for many, many years already.’ Read More
COP-21 Roundup: Dec. 10 – Day 11 (Carbon Pulse – 10 December 2015) — The UN climate talks in Paris have entered the phase where negotiators mostly forego sleep as they stay locked in meeting rooms overnight trying to edge the process forward. Carbon Pulse follows the talks and will keep you updated on new developments. Read More
Beyond Paris: GCF Looks Ahead (Green Climate Fund website – Thursday 10 December 2015) — With climate finance as a critical element to the Paris climate negotiations, the Green Climate Fund held a side event yesterday to discuss how it can deliver on its mandate over the coming years. Over 300 participants gathered to discuss the future of the Fund with both the former and new Board Co-Chairs (Henrik Harboe and Gabriel Quijandria, and Zaheer Fakir and Ewen McDonald, respectively), and Héla Cheikhrouhou, GCF’s Executive Director.The discussion was chaired by Oxfam’s Annaka Peterson, and started with a welcome message from Jeong-bok Yoo, the Mayor of Incheon City, which hosts the Fund’s headquarters. Read More
#COP21: Vatican joins call for 1.5°C warming limit (Rappler – 10 December 2015) — The Holy See has thrown its considerable moral weight behind the call of vulnerable nations for a 1.5°C warming cap, a more difficult goal for the UN climate pact now being finalized in Paris.“Free the text. Take down the brackets. We support option two [in Article 2 of the Paris agreement],” said Monsignor Bernardito Auza, Apostolic Nuncio to the United Nations, during a bilateral meeting with Philippine officials on Thursday, December 10.Auza was referring to a section of the draft UN climate agreement that calls for the world to “rapidly scale up global efforts to limit temperature increase to below 1.5°C.” (READ: Renowned climate scientist: 1.5°C goal ‘difficult but morally correct’) Read More
Last-ditch UN climate talks head into second night (AFP – Thursday 10 December 2015) — Le Bourget (France) (AFP) – Sleep-deprived ministers tasked with saving mankind from a climate catastrophe headed into a second night of non-stop talks Thursday, battling to overcome a rich-poor divide in search of a historic accord. Eleven days of UN talks in Paris have failed to achieve agreement on key pillars of the planned post-2020 climate pact, aimed at sparing future generations from worsening drought, flood, storms and rising seas. Read More
What’s behind movement for ‘high ambition’ in Paris? (Inquirer – 10 December 2015) — US Secretary of State John Kerry made two announcements during an emphatic half-hour speech on the sidelines of the climate change negotiations here on Wednesday. He announced that the United States was “committing to double” its “grants-based adaptation investments” by 2020, from the current $400 million per year. And he announced his country’s membership in the so-called High Ambition Coalition. Read more
COP21: 9 questions for a renewable energy expert (CNN – 10 December 2015) — If there’s anyone who can help us figure out how to address climate change, it’s probably this guy.Mark Jacobson is a Stanford University professor and director at The Solutions Project, which aims to help the world move to 100% renewable energy.So it’s no wonder so many of you joined us on Facebook to bring him your most pressing questions and concerns about Earth’s future. Here are some of the questions you posed along with Jacobson’s answers, live from the COP21 climate conference in Paris. Read More
COP21: Paris climate talks enter tense final few hours (Financial Times – 10 December 2015) — on a new global climate accord entered a tense stalemate on Thursday as China dug in its heels on a string of measures the US and other countries insist must be part of the agreement due to be struck in Paris on Friday.One of the most contentious stand-offs to emerge in the fraught last hours of the talks is a push to require countries to revisit every five years the voluntary climate pledges that more than 180 nations have made for the new accord, starting as soon as 2020. Read More
We would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your support over the last two weeks. The whole delegation is very grateful and we look forward to working together even more to build a green Rwanda.
Rwanda Welcomes Historic Paris Agreement On Climate Change (Official Statement)
The Government of Rwanda welcomes the adoption of the historic Paris Agreement on climate change that paves the way for substantive action to limit global temperature increases to 1.5 degrees Celsius below pre-industrial levels. The agreement represents the first ever internationally binding deal to reduce emissions and help vulnerable countries adapt to the impacts of a changing climate. Adopted by 195 nations, the Paris Agreement will unleash action and investment to build a low carbon, climate resilient and sustainable future for all.
Read more here.
Rwanda Delegation Update – Final Days Recap
Below are the main events and meetings attended and a short summary of the discussion and outcomes.
On the final days of the COP21, the main activity was taking part in the closing negotiations of the conference.
Meeting with Future Earth
DG Mukankomeje and Alex Mulisa met with Paul Shrivastava, the Exectuive Director of Future Earth and discussed the creation of a Regional Centre of Excellence to be based in Kigali. The speciality of the centre would be Climate Change & Green Urban Resilience. Future Earth are also considering holding their annual meeting in Kigali next year. Future Earth is an international research platform that provides knowledge and support to accelerate the transformation to a sustainable world.
Green Climate Fund focused event at the Peru Pavilion
Alex Mulisa attended an event at the Peru Pavilion that discussion the role of the Green Climate Fund in sustainable development.
Major Announcements & Funding Pledges
- Historic Paris Agreement on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
- Brussels Capital Region pledges €500,000 to GCF
- Walloon region of Belgium pledges €7 million to GCF
- Flanders region of Belgium pledges €3.5 million to GCF
- France and Canada convert their pledges into usable resources for GCF
Photos – Final Days
Above: Rwanda’s Lead Negotiator Faustin Mukyazikwiye and Environmental Expert Denis Rugege represent Rwanda at the final negotiations and agreement announcement at COP21.
Above: President of France, Francois Hollande, and Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius at the final Comité de Paris at the COP21.
Above: Christiana Figueres and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius celebrate the agreement reached at the UN climate talks in Paris. (Courtesy: COP21)
Above: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon with Christiana Figueres and President Francois Hollande at the final session of the COP21 in Paris. (Courtesy: COP21)
Above: The plenary at COP21 celebrates the adoption of the Paris Agreement. (Courtesy: COP21)
More photos can be viewed here.
Videos of Rwanda’s delegation at COP21 are available on the Ministry of Natural Resources Facebook page here.
Paris Climate Talks Media Review – 15 December 2015
- The Global Post, Xinhua, The Turkish Weekly, Chimp Reports and EnviroNews and others report that Rwanda has welcomed the Paris Agreement.
- The New Times reports that African governments have been urged to emulate Rwanda’s successful renewable energy policies.
- EnviroNews reports that climate change resilience projects are set to receive increased funding.
- IB Times UK publishes an interview with Frank Habineza, leader of Rwanda’s Democratic Green Party, on how the country has been impacted by climate change.
- The New York Times and others report that a landmark Climate Accord in Paris has been approved.
Rwanda hails Paris agreement on climate change, prepares for instruments of ratification (Global Post – 15 December 2015) — Rwanda on Monday praised a historic climate change agreement approved Saturday in Paris, saying fighting climate change is not a choice between development and the environment, but about ensuring development gains can be sustained for generations to come. Read More
Rwanda set to benefit from Africa forest restoration drive (The New Times – 15 December 2015) — Rwanda’s efforts to increase its forest cover and rehabilitate degraded forests could soon be boosted by a new initiative launched last week at the Global Landscape Forum, during the climate change meeting in Paris or COP21. Read More
U Rwanda rwakiriye neza Amasezerano ku Mihindagurikire y’Ibihe yemejwe i Paris (EnviroNews – 15 December 2015) — Guverinoma y’u Rwanda yakiriye neza Amasezerano ku mihindagurikire y’ibihe yemerejwe i Paris, amasezerano abaye aya mbere mu mateka ageze ku rwego nk’uru ruhambaye. Aya masezerano agena uburyo bwo gushyira mu bikorwa ingamba zo gukumira izamuka ry’igipimo mpuzandengo cy’ubushyuhe bw’Isi, kikaguma hasi ya dogere 2 (2°C) ariko intego ikaba y’uko iki gipimo kigera hasi ya dogere 1.5 (1.5°C). Read More
Rwanda Welcomes Historic Paris Agreement On Climate Change (Chimp Reports – 15 December 2015) — Rwanda Government has welcomed the adoption of the historic Paris Agreement on climate change that paves the way for substantive action to limit global temperature increases to lower than 2 degrees with the ambition to reach lower than 1.5 degrees Celsius below pre-industrial levels. Read More
Climate change deal is a win for developing countries (The New Times – 14 December 2015) — A deal to limit the increase in global temperatures to less than 2C was reached at the climate change summit in Paris after two weeks of negotiations, over the weekend. The pact is the first to commit all countries to cut carbon emissions. Read More
Agreement on climate change adopted, but non-legally binding (The New Times – 14 December 2015) — As all eyes were on Paris on a new global agreement on climate change, it has ultimately been approved by nearly 200 countries. The agreement is aimed exclusively at reducing greenhouses gas emissions to avoid threat of global warming due to human activities. Read More
African govts urged to emulate Rwanda’s renewable energy policies (The New Times – 13 December 2015)—Experts and the African Development Bank (AfDB) have urged all governments to emulate Rwanda’s model and efforts to embrace renewable initiatives in the country. Read more
Imishinga isubiza ibibazo by’ihindagurika ry’ikirere igiye guterwa inkunga(EnviroNews – 13 December 2015) — Mu gihe hirya no hino mu bice byo mu gihugu kimwe no ku isi, hagaragara ihindagurika ry’ibihe bigateza ingaruka nyinshi, Ubuyobozi bw’Ikigega cy’u Rwanda gishinzwe gutera inkunga imishinga yo kubungabunga ibidukikije (FONERWA), buvuga ko bwiteguye gushyigikira imishinga myiza yasubiza ibibazo biterwa n’ihindagurika ry’ikirere. Read More
Paris: Inama y’Umuryango Mpuzamahanga yigaga kuri gahunda yo kurengera ikirere yashojwe(Environews – 13 December 2015) — uva ku italiki ya 30/11/2015 kugeza ku ya 12/12/2015 I Paris mu bufransa haberaga inama mpuzamahanga y’umuryango wabibumbye igamije gushakira hamwe icyakorwa ngo ikirere cy’uyu mubumbe dutuyeho kibungabungwe, iyi nama ikaba yashyize imyanzuro yayo hanze kuyu wa gatandatu taliki ya 12/12/2015 ubwo yasozwaga. Read More
COP21:Hemejwe inkunga ya miliyari 100 z’amadolari zigenewe ibihugu bikennye (Igihe – 12 December 2015) — Abitabiriye Inama y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye yiga ku kibazo cy’ihindagukira ry’ikirere,COP21, yaberaga i Paris kuva tariki 30 Ugushyingo, bemeje umushinga w’amasezerano ateganya ko ibihugu bikize bigomba gutanga miliyari 100 z’amadorali y’Amerika y’inkunga igenewe ibihugu bikennye ngo bibashe guhangana n’ingaruka ziterwa n‘imihindagurikire y’ikirere. Read More
COP21: Rwanda’s Green Party says renewable energy is essential (IB Times – 12 December 2015) — IBTimes UK has spoken with Frank Habineza, leader of Rwanda’s opposition Democratic Green Party (DGPR), on how the country has been negatively impacted by climate change. Habineza explained that, although Rwanda is at the forefront in the fight against rising temperatures, more has to be done to ensure people can use renewable energy and enjoy a green economy. Days before world leaders gathered in Paris for the UN Climate Change Conference, also known as COP21, the Rwandan government called on the international community to create a stronger agreement on how to tackle climate change. Read More
Icyo abanyarwanda biteze ku nama iri kubera i Paris (COP 21) (Enviro News – 11 December 2015) — Muri iyi minsi i Paris hari kubera inama mpuzamahanga yiga ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere n’ingamba zafatwa zo guhangana na yo, iyi nama ikaba izwi kw’izina COP 21. Ikaba yaritabiriwe n’ibihugu bigera ku 195 aho bihateraniye bisasa inzobe ku kibazo cy’ibyuka byangiza ikirere ndetse n’ibindi bibazo byugarije Isi byangiza ibidukikije. Ni muri urwo rwego Environews.rw yatembereye mu mujyi wa kigali igenda iganiriza abaturage uko babona iyi nama ndetse nicyo bayitezeho by’umwihariko ku gihugu cyacu, dore ko muri iyi minsi itangazamakuru riri kuvuga cyane kuri iyi nama. Read More
From around the World
Nations Approve Landmark Climate Accord in Paris (New York Times – 12 December 2015) — With the sudden bang of a gavel Saturday night, representatives of 195 nations reached a landmark accord that will, for the first time, commit nearly every country to lowering planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions to help stave off the most drastic effects of climate change. The deal, which was met with an eruption of cheers and ovations from thousands of delegates gathered from around the world, represents a historic breakthrough on an issue that has foiled decades of international efforts to address climate change. Read More
What Does a Climate Deal Actually Mean for the World? (New York Times – 12 December 2015) — A group of 195 nations reached a landmark climate agreement on Saturday. Here is what it means for the planet, business, politics and other areas. Read More
COP21 climate change summit reaches deal in Paris (Reuters – 12 December 2015) — A deal to attempt to limit the rise in global temperatures to less than 2C has been agreed at the climate change summit in Paris after two weeks of negotiations. Read more
COP21 climate change summit reaches deal in Paris (BBC News – 12 December 2015) — A deal to attempt to limit the rise in global temperatures to less than 2C has been agreed at the climate change summit in Paris after two weeks of negotiations.The pact is the first to commit all countries to cut carbon emissions.The agreement is partly legally binding and partly voluntary.Earlier, key blocs, including the G77 group of developing countries, and nations such as China and India said they supported the proposals.President of the UN climate conference of parties (COP) and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said: “I now invite the COP to adopt the decision entitled Paris Agreement outlined in the document. Read More
Paris climate deal: key points at a glance (The Guardian – 12 December 2015) — The goal of 1.5C is a big leap below the 2C agreed six years ago in Copenhagen. Here’s what the agreement means for global emissions and the future of the planet. Read More
CIDT’s DFID-funded project to create and sustain the Government of Rwanda’s Environment and Climate Change Fund (FONERWA) was brought to a close on October 8th 2015, after 3 years of successful technical assistance.
The FONERWA Secretariat and CIDT staff marked the occasion with a closing dinner, which was attended by members of the Fund Management Committee, Fund Technical Committee and the Director General of the Rwandan Environmental Management Agency, Dr Rose Mukankomeje.
For CIDT the first 2 years of the project focussed up on setting up both the FONERWA Fund and the management of the Fund (the Fund Management Team) which entailed:
- attracting capital to the fund
- recruitment of management staff (the FMT)
- establishing formal management, monitoring, reporting and governance structures
- development and implementation of the fund’s and operational strategies and systems, including private sector financial instruments
- creating confidence in the fund within and beyond Rwanda
- capacity building and training of FMT staff and fund stakeholders
- building a FONERWA website
- raising awareness of the fund and its objectives and supporting applicants in the application process
- administering calls for project proposals, , managing proposal screening, review and approval processes and setting up results based payments schedules for successful projects
- the official launch of FONERWA by the Prime Minister of Rwanda
The final year of the project has been characterised by investment in human capacity and organisational systems development, in order to ensure readiness for transition to becoming the GoR Fund Secretariat. There was also additional support to the further development of monitoring and evaluation systems, with more emphasis on the implementing projects and thus the results of the Fund. Key highlights and deliverables achieved by the project in the final year include:
- Review and assessment of effectiveness of performance against high level strategic aims and objectives, and scoping and presentation of future options to the Fund Management Committee
- Appointment of new GoR Secretariat staff
- The Fund’s 6th Call for Proposals completed and 7th Call for Proposals launched
- Support provided to the Green Climate Fund application process and for other international climate finance
- Procurement of IT equipment and services to enhance FONERWA web functionality and enhance local ownership
- Approval of the Fund’s organigram, official job descriptions and operating plans
- Design of online modules to support applicants to the Fund to develop their Project Proposal Documents.
Development of technical briefing papers to inform project application and review At the end of the project period, over US$40 million had been attracted into the fund, with over 25 projects expected to have been approved by the conclusion of the 7th CFP.
In addition GoR access to further climate finance had been facilitated, including a US$10 million project through the Adaptation fund, and support for GCF accreditation and programme proposal development.
In March 2015 the programme performance was reviewed by DFID’s independent reviewer and was scored an A. It was noted that the project has shown very good progress against most output indicators.
There is growing recognition that climate finance is best managed at the country level. With millions of dollars committed across twenty plus projects, the Fund has the potential to change many lives. These projects aim to protect over 25,000 hectares of natural resources and agricultural land, provide access to clean energy to 1,000 households, create over 22,500 new green jobs and improve the resilience of over 355,000 Rwandans to climate change. Rwanda is at the global forefront of the response to climate change – in the words of President Kagame, “If Rwanda can do it, anyone can do it.”
The photos on this page were taken at the project closing meal.
International Forest Governance practitioners learn from the experience of Rwanda in climate compatible development
Mr Alex Mulisa, Coordinator of FONERWA, the Government of Rwanda National Fund for Environment and Climate Change visited Telford this Summer to speak to the Improving Forest Governance 2015 course.