The Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has developed a Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) tool for countries to self-assess their capacity to implement the Convention and the application of International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). The Secretariat of the IPPC has been supporting countries worldwide to use the PCE tool to appraise their particular situations, identify about five major sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS)-related problems to be addressed, then develop a Strategic Plan for addressing those priority issues. This process involves a stakeholder analysis, a Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats (SWOT) analysis and development of a Logical Framework (“LogFrame”).
As part of the training of certified “PCE Facilitators,” the IPPC Secretariat at FAO contracted CIDT to provide access to its existing online course on the Logical Framework Approach (LFA). Completion of this online training was a pre-requisite to the face-to-face (F2F) training provided by IPPC/FAO. Completing the online training before the F2F training ensured that the participants came to the workshop already equipped with the basic knowledge that is foundational to the course. This way, they could jump right into hands-on application of the concepts and delve deeper into practical details, with only limited time spent reviewing or clarifying the basic information covered via the e-learning.
A total of sixty-six (66) participants from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America completed the online training between August and November 2016. According to the post-training survey, the course was very well received by users. Here are a few quotes articulating their general impressions:
- It is more impressive than other online courses.
The sequence of the material was excellent; and the flow of information from one module to the next made learning easy.
It is clear and concise, easy to understand and apply.
I liked the examples, case study and illustrations that helped cement the key points.
When asked about the main benefits of the training and how they will apply it, users said:
- From this training, I am in a position to develop a competitive fundable proposal.
This training will help me to design a project using LFA.
By learning to do a problem analysis and the crafting of outcomes, outputs and activities, I can assist in developing my department’s strategic plan and work plans.
After this training course, I will definitely conduct the stakeholder analysis and consult them for each project.
Prior to offering the online training to the PCE Facilitators, CIDT had also conducted a Training of Trainers (TOT) on LFA for IPPC/FAO staff in Rome in early 2016.
CIDT’s online training programme on Results-Based Management (RBM) Thinking Tools, including the Logical Framework Approach (LFA).
This online course provides basic training on a range of ‘thinking tools’ which facilitate RBM. It is not purely academic or theoretical. Rather, it was designed to support development practitioners with simple practical approaches and advice for designing, managing and assessing results-oriented projects, programmes and organizational performance. A major component of this training is the LFA, because the LogFrame is a key tool for RBM. This e-learning programme consists of ten modules, which provide an overview of RBM and cover the ‘seven steps’ of designing and planning for new projects or programmes in a results-oriented manner. It introduces key tools that can be used at various steps, including Stakeholder Analysis, Problem and Objectives Trees, Risk Analysis, LogFrames, Workplans and Budgets. Most of the modules include interactive exercises and scenario-based quizzes, including a case study, to help participants check their knowledge and learning. It is a self-paced programme that takes, on average 8 to 12 hours to complete.
In terms of learning objectives, it is expected that upon completion of the ten modules, participants will:
- Understand the relationship between RBM and the LFA;
- Recognize the potential use of the LFA and related tools for strategic/institutional planning, programme design and/or project proposal development;
- Understand the ‘logic’ of the results chain within Theories of Change;
- Be familiar with Results and LFA terminology;
- Be able to use a range of ‘RBM thinking tools’, including development of a basic LogFrame;
- Appreciate the LogFrame as a participatory process, rather than just an end product (i.e., a 4×4 matrix).
- It is more impressive than other online courses.
CIDT completes assignment to establish the M&E system of the Emerging Pandemic Threats (EPT-2) programme
Over the past year, CIDT’s Kimberly Kane has been serving as Senior Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Advisor to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), on phase two of the Emerging Pandemic Responses programme (EPT-2).
Funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), EPT-2 focuses on strengthening the prevention, detection and response capacities of countries in Asia, Middle East and Africa to mitigate the risk of high-impact pathogens spill over from animal to human populations. In addition to programme delivery, FAO is charged with managing the M&E component of the programme, and has selected CIDT to provide advisory and technical support services to establish the programme’s M&E system and tools.
Under this contract, CIDT worked closely with FAO and USAID to produce the following:
- Results Framework diagram;
- LogFrame, with results statements, key performance indicators and means of verification (MoV) for the programme goal, outcomes and outputs;
- Compendium containing Performance Indicator Reference Sheets (PIRS), which define each indicator, indicate how to calculate it, specify the data sources, clarify reporting roles, and discuss limitations;
- Data Collection Forms for FAO staff at relevant country offices and regional offices;
- Global Reporting Template for all partners;
- Feedback Logs and Recommendations for addressing feedback from USAID, partners (from the One Health Workforce, Predict-2 project, Preparedness and Response project) and FAO staff following piloting of the tools;
- Various presentations and briefing documents to inform partner meetings and working sessions.
Now that CIDT has completed the agreed Terms of Reference to put in place the M&E system, FAO will lead the roll-out and application of the tools with USAID.
CIDT offers online training in Strategic Planning to stakeholders of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has contracted CIDT to provide online training on results-oriented Strategic Planning to professionals who will become Facilitators of the Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) in countries across four continents.
A total of 66 PCE Facilitators will complete the training between April and November 2016. They will all attend a workshop facilitated by IPPC/FAO, yet the online training programme is a prerequisite for the face-to-face sessions.
Blended learning – comprised of both online and face-to-face training – has been proven to be a cost-effective and efficient way to strengthen capacity. The online training will provide participants with fundamental information on terminology, concepts, tools and processes so that they come to the face-to-face workshop with a common level of understanding. This will enable them to immediately dive into practical examples and hands-on exercises during the in-person sessions.
The online course consists of 10 modules covering the use of the Logical Framework Approach (LFA) to conduct strategic planning and programme/project design. It provides case studies and interactive exercises to enable the learners to improve their understanding of key Results-Based Management (RBM) tools that can facilitate the design of both strategic plans and programmes or projects. Find out more about the online course.
Individuals can directly enrol themselves in the RBM/LFA online course, and discounts are offered to organisations that enrol their staff. If desired, CIDT can to tailor the existing generic course to an organisation’s particular situation, whether it is to use bespoke branding colours and logo or to adapt the entire content to a specific sector/context, as we have done for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the Commonwealth Secretariat, and Rwanda’s Environment and Climate Change Fund (FONERWA). We also have the capacity to develop brand new courses from scratch in different topics to meet organization’s Capacity Development needs. Contact us today to enquire.
Feedback on the online course
- 52% of participants of the online course “liked it a lot” and 48% “liked” it.
- 100% reported that the modules followed a logical flow/progression.
Quotes on what participants appreciated most:
- “The course is a process which a learner should go through step by step. I really liked all aspects and objectives of the course.”
- “[It] was easy to follow and the examples were relevant.”
- “The practice tests within the modules were nice – made for better understanding.”
- “The course is understandable and comprehensive.”
- “Perfect combination of theory with practice“
(Based on survey responses)
Research paper: Differentiated legitimacy, differentiated resilience: beyond the natural in ‘natural disasters’
Canford Chiroro and Elizabeth Harrison (University of Sussex) have published this paper in the Journal of Peasant Studies.
Building resilience in the face of adversity is increasingly at the top of the agenda for development interventions. However, despite the growing acceptance of resilience, as both a normative goal and a unifying concept allowing for multi-sectoral collaboration, there is still a lack of clarity on how exactly resilience can be effectively promoted and assessed.
In this paper, the authors examine how a well-intended intervention aimed at building resilience to climate impacts had unintended negative consequences especially for those not targeted by this particular intervention, increasing their vulnerability to a myriad of shocks, and undermining their resource base for dealing with future shocks. This paper will appeal to anyone interested in understanding the political dynamics at play in the production of resilience.
With Support from CIDT, FAO and Partners Complete the Results Framework of the ‘Emerging Pandemic Threats, Phase 2 (EPT-2)’ Programme
Extensive stakeholder consultation and senior-level expertise from CIDT culminated, this month, in the completion of the results framework of the second phase of the Emerging Pandemic Threats programme (EPT-2), funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
EPT-2 is a high-level umbrella programme comprised of:
- the second phase of the Predict Project (implemented by a consortium of organisations led by the University of California at Davis);
- the Preparedness and Response Project (managed by DAI), the One Health Workforce project (implemented by Tufts University and the University of Minnesota);
- various global or regional programmes (focusing on Ebola, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza [HPAI], Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus [MERS-CoV], Avian Influenza-A [H7N9] and antimicrobial resistance [AMR], etc.) managed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); and
- initiatives of the World Health Organisation (WHO).
FAO is responsible for coordinating Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of EPT-2; and they engaged Kimberly Ross, Senior Consultant at CIDT, to help develop the M&E system. CIDT’s role in the process to date has consisted of providing advisory services on M&E and Theories of Change (ToC) as well as technical assistance to develop the results chain and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), which was aligned to the United States Government’s Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) and FAO’s Corporate Monitoring Framework (particularly that of FAO’s Strategic Objective 5: Increase resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises). The work involved support to map project activities to programme outputs as well as input on the design and delivery of consultation sessions and validation workshops involving USAID, FAO’s technical staff, and other EPT-2 partners.
In the process, Kimberly offered technical advice directly to USAID and FAO. She also worked closely with FAO staff from the Animal Health Service and the Emergency and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) as well as with Regional M&E Officers in Africa and Asia, to obtain and incorporate feedback from the donor and various partners.
The next step is to establish and document EPT-2’s monitoring system. This will consist of developing Performance Indicator Reference Sheets (PIRS) and data collection tools, which will enable USAID and partners to assess and report upon the programme’s achievements.
The four-year EPT-2 programme aims to apply a One Health (OH) to prevention, detection, and response in order to reduce the risk and impact of emerging pandemic threats. This essentially means: prevention of new zoonotic disease emergence; early detection of new threats when they do emerge; and their timely and effective control. EPT-2 will build on the lessons and knowledge from its predecessors (EPT-1 and the Avian Influenza programme) and should bring heightened focus to the “places and practices” that enable not just “spill-over” of new microbial threats, but also potentiate its “amplification and spread.”
Agricultural development is once again on the top of the agenda in delivering growth in the predominantly agrarian African economies. However, while the need appears to be urgent in the face of climate change and growing populations, land and water scarcity, this research suggests that we need to look before we leap! Agriculture needs to learn from its past and present before large-scale investments are promoted.
In this research briefing we share some findings from an ethnographic study of small-scale irrigation in Malawi. The briefing looks at some of the constraints to irrigation development and suggests areas that merit further discussion. It is our hope that farmers, policy makers, and practitioners in other countries will find these experiences and our analysis helpful in their planning.
This research brief was created by Dr Elizabeth Harrison (School of Global Studies, University of Sussex) and Dr Canford Chiroro.
- Download the brief: Small-scale irrigation in Malawi: challenges and opportunities.
- Visit the University of Sussex School of Global Studies.
Intensive capacity development for key trainers of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention
In January 2016, Philip N. Dearden (Head of CIDT) led a three-day Strategic Planning and Programme Design training and an associated three-day Training of Trainers/Facilitators workshop for the eight (8) key trainers of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
In turn, these eight trainers will be training about 66 selected candidates to become “Certified Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) Facilitators.” These PCE Facilitators will be charged with facilitating the use of the PCE tool to allow countries to self-assess their capacity to implement the Convention and apply International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs); they will then use the information obtained from the capacity assessments to facilitate the development of multi-year Strategic Plans, using the Logical Framework Approach and a range of RBM tools such as stakeholder analysis, strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats (SWOT) analysis, risk management, and more.
Prior to the workshop, the participants completed CIDT’s on-line course on Results-Based Management (RBM) and the Logical Framework Approach (LFA).. This got them familiar with the fundamental concepts, tools and processes involved in developing a logical framework for a specific project and/or programme, and it ensured that they arrived at the face-to-face workshop on Day One with a common understanding. View details of this course.
A handbook on Strategic Planning and Programme Design was developed by Kimberly Ross (Senior Consultant/Senior Lecturer at CIDT) for specific use at the workshop. This handbook covered the strategic planning process used by the IPPC, and involved seven (7) simple steps for developing a project/programme using the LFA. Training manuals on the development of training courses and individual training sessions were also provided. These were all well received and found to be very useful by participants.
Evaluation feedback on the on-line course was very positive, with most participants reporting that they were fully engaged in the on-line process and had learned a lot of practical, useful information and new skills. For many, the concepts surrounding the Logical Framework and its use in the Strategic Planning Process had been demystified in a practical and useful manner.
Evaluation feedback on the six days of the face-to-face workshop (Strategic Planning/LFA + TOT) was also very positive. Many participants had increased their confidence in being able to train others. Participants reiterated that they found the handbooks and training materials developed for the workshop to be very useful.
Participant’s comments on the programme included:
- The workshop was very motivating and useful not only for the specific project of training facilitators, but for other events in our working places/organisations.
- Great course to open up possible approaches to facilitate teaching – learning effectiveness. Bringing together the PCE approach – results and processes very necessary and well demonstrated/taught
- The rapport with the facilitator built and increased over the days and this was lovely.
- The facilitator handled the subject matter with authority and mastery
- Overall excellent and very engaging techniques
- The facilitator was very knowledgeable and concrete in learning techniques as well as conducting the audience
- Excellent and driven by experience
Photos from the workshop
Participants planning and developing the project/programme tools in a hands-on practical manner.
Experiential learning – Group dynamics and team work.
CIDT successfully delivers the Stakeholder Engagement Strategy for the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)
CIDT has completed its work with AGRA to develop an evidence-based Stakeholder Engagement Strategy, in order to help enhance the Alliance’s impact on the ground to support achievement of its Vision and Mission.
To inform the Strategy development, CIDT conducted a Stakeholder Analysis exercise that consisted of a partnership audit and influencer mapping exercise. This involved:
- a literature review and web-based research at global level;
- face-to-face interviews with both internal and external stakeholders in seven priority countries;
- an online survey of past and present partners and other key stakeholders;
- an online survey of all AGRA staff; and
- two participatory workshops with AGRA staff from the Kenya headquarters office and regional offices.
These methodologies provided valuable information on the interests of past, present and potential future partners as well as their perceptions of AGRA and the perceived priorities during the period of AGRA’s updated corporate Strategy.
The final Stakeholder Engagement Strategy was aligned with AGRA’s new Advocacy Strategy and provided valuable information for the finalization of its Communication Strategy and related communications collateral.
Adam Gerstenmier, Chief of Staff, had this to say about our work on the Stakeholder Engagement Strategy, as it related to the Communications Strategy work: ‘Thanks again for helping cross-fertilize the research and work of these two very related efforts.” With regards to our presentation to the Management Team on the proposed strategies and recommended next steps, he expressed that “Your presentation was clear and succinct and a great end to the day’s conversation.”
“Congratulations for working with everyone in the team to bring this great process to an end. I am delighted that what started out as a small conversation within the Communications Team has resulted in a document that will help AGRA define its relationships and engagement strategies going forward. Thank you, Kim and the CIDT team, for staying focused and delivering a quality document. Please thank everyone who was involved in this. I really loved your work!!!”
Sylvia Mwichuli, Director of Communications Department
The project was led by Kimberly Ross (Senior Consultant/Senior Lecturer, CIDT). Rachel Roland (Deputy Director/Principal Lecturer, CIDT) served as Technical Advisor.
During June 2015, Kimberly Ross (Senior Consultant, CIDT) and Rachel Roland (Deputy Director, CIDT) conducted a participatory workshop in Nairobi, Kenya with key staff from the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), in order to develop strategies for strengthening existing partnerships and engaging a wider range of constituents in the future.
In this workshop, the preliminary findings from a partnership audit and influencer mapping exercise were presented, draft guiding principles for effective partnering were validated, and key strategies were developed using a participatory approach. The main outputs were then presented at a Senior Management Meeting for feedback before CIDT proceeds with writing up the final strategy and related tools.
The new Stakeholder Engagement Strategy aims to help AGRA position itself as a globally respected, partnership-oriented organization that is leading the transformation of African agriculture through innovative farm-to-fork approaches. AGRA engaged the services of CIDT to develop this strategy and some related tools, under the recognition that building strong and beneficial relationships with a wide range of constituencies is essential for AGRA to have a greater impact.
AGRA exists to fulfil the vision that Africa can feed itself and the world, and it believes that investing in agriculture through stronger partnerships is the surest path to reducing poverty and hunger in Africa. It was founded in Kenya in 2006 with a mission to catalyse an agricultural transformation in Africa that impacts the lives of tens of millions of African farmers – particularly in terms of improved livelihoods of smallholder farmers. AGRA aims to achieve this by promoting sustainable, efficient, competitive and innovation-driven increases in agricultural productivity as well as by improving farmers’ access to microfinance and private and public sector investments in agricultural development.